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Dining by Design: Nature Displayed on the Dinner Table (DE)
Thomas Chippendale at 300: Treasures from the Collection (DE)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
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Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
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Rococo: Celebrating 18th-Century Design and Decoration (MA)
From Forge and Furnace: A Celebration of Early American Iron (VA)
German Toys in America (VA)

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Sebastian de Belalcazar
a Spanish conquistador. He entered Nicaragua with Francisco Hernández de Córdoba in 1524 during the conquest of Nicaragua, and became the first mayor of the city of León in Nicaragu. In 1534, while commanding the settlemet of San Miguel for Francisco Pizarro, Sebastian set off to conquer Quito in Ecuador, without orders from Pizarro. He explored (and conquered) much of South America.

Word of the Day [More]

To make soft, smooth, or easy. Latin mollire, to soften. Also molliable, mollifiable, that can be softened or soothed, mollicine, mollicinous, softening; in Latin used of mollicinum emplastrum, soothing plaster, mollifaction, mollification; nouns of action surviving in the verb, to mollify, mollificativc, something that soothes or softens; also, as an adjective, that causes softening or soothing. These are mainly 17th and 18th century terms.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
At the Battle of Port Royal, what was the outcome for the French?
  1. They were all slaughtered

  2. They negotiated an honorable surrender

  3. They abandoned the fight and escaped into the woods

  4. Defying the odds, they beat the British

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Tradition wears a snowy beard, romance is always young.
— John Greenleaf Whittier

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

September, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/18
New England Weather: 1841 October Gale
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times09/29/18
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals09/18/18
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Antiques: Auction Results09/08/18
New England Weather: 1635 Great Storm
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The White Pine Series: Massachusetts
Architecture: Houses08/30/18
July, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results08/08/18

This Day in Early Modern History -- October 23rd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1588-Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander 
 •  1642-Battle of Edgehill (Warwick): King Charles I vs English parliament
  -Second battle at Breitenfeld Saksen: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
 •  1668-Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
 •  1679-Meal Tub Plot against James II of England 
 •  1681-French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg 
 •  1684-Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted 
 •  1690-Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking 
 •  1702-Battle of Vigo Bay: Netherlands/English fleet destroy Spanish/French fleet
 •  1760-First Jewish prayer books printed in U.S. 
 •  1775-Continental Congress approves resolution allows native indians -- but bars blacks -- to join army
 •  1777-British fleet suffers defeat at Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania
 •  1805-Sailing ship Aeneas sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
 •  1812-Failed coup against emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 
 •  1813-American fur traders turn over Astoria, Oregon, to the British
 •  1814-First plastic surgery is performed in England
 •  1824-First steam locomotive is introduced 
 •  1844-'Millerites,' (led by William Miller) who believed the world would end yesterday, refer to this day as the 'Great Disappointment.' 
 •  1853-Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
 •  1854-The Times give precise British positions in Krim 
 •  1855-Rival governments in bleeding Kansas


 •  1695-  François de Cuvillies -- Architects
 •  1698-  Ange-Jacques Gabriel -- Architects
 •  1760-  Hanaoka Seishu -- PhysiciansInventors
 •  1762-  Samuel Morey -- Inventors
 •  1789-  Jean Chretien Baud -- Governance
 •  1797-  Jan Jacob Rochussen -- Governance
 •  1805-  Adalbert Stifter -- Artists
 •  1807-  Jemima von Tautphoeus -- Writers
 •  1813-  Ludwig Leichhardt -- Explorers
 •  1822-  Friederich Wilhelm Gustav Sporer -- Astronomers
 •  1823-  John Reuben Thompson -- Writers


 •  1646-  David Wedderburn -- WritersEducators
 •  1658-  Thomas Pride -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1851-  Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza -- Writers
 •  1856-  Thomas Bailey -- WritersCartographers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 04/05/2018
The Lessons of a School Shooting -- in 1853
March 24, 2018, Politico Magazine by Saul Cornell
This weekend, thousands of people are expected to gather in cities and towns across America for the “March for Our Lives,” a national response to the horrifying school shooting in Parkland, Florida. Will it change policy? Skeptics doubt it, having watched time and again how previous shootings vanish from the headlines with no change to our national debate over guns. But there’s actually precedent, deep in American history, for school shootings to shift the gun debate.

Though little remembered now, the first high-profile school shooting in the U.S. was more than 150 years ago, in Louisville, Kentucky. The 1853 murder of William Butler by Matthews F. Ward was a news sensation, prompting national outrage over the slave South’s libertarian gun rights vision and its deadly consequences. At a time when there wasn’t yet a national media, this case prompted a legal conversation that might be worth resurrecting today.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/04/2018
The Island that Disappeared
March 20, 2018, LongReads by Tom Feiling
...On the back wall was a large, brightly colored map of the world. I found plenty of the world’s other tiny islands: Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia, and even Pitcairn, which has a population of just 50. But Providence wasn’t marked, and neither was San Andres. Perhaps it was because their distant relatives have the initials ‘U.K.’ in brackets after their names, whereas the inhabitants of el archepiélago de Providencia, San Andrés y Santa Catalina lost touch with their progenitor state long ago. Providence is a fragment chipped off an empire that no longer exists. Even if the chip were restored to the block from which it fell, it would no longer match, for its contours have been worn smooth by the passage of time. But perhaps ‘fragment’ is a misnomer. Empires are not as clearly delineated as the solid blocks of color on the old maps suggest. Alive, they are dynamic, porous, and hybrid creations, but even once dead, the colors continue to bleed. The British might have forgotten about Providence, but for the islanders, England remained as real, and as unattainable, as an absent father.

It was strange to think that the hopes of a generation of British empire builders had once rested on Providence. Those who sailed on the Seaflower in 1631 believed that their Puritan colony would in time eclipse the one that had been built by the passengers of the Mayflower ten years before. But New Westminster was abandoned just eleven years after the foundation stone of the governor’s house was put in place, while New Plymouth went on to become a beacon of righteous autonomy for the generations that succeeded the Pilgrim fathers. Cold, barren New England had trumped balmy, verdant Providence. Wasn’t that what all those tins, packets, and cartons from the United States were trying to tell me?

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/03/2018
Were the Irish Slaves in America, Too?
March 17, 2018, Snopes by David Emery
Claim: Early in America's history, white Irish slaves outnumbered black slaves and endured worse treatment at the hands of their masters.

Rating: Mixture

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/02/2018
Worried About Political Partisanship?
March 04, 2018, History News Network by Gordon S. Wood
During the first decade of our nation’s history the two presidential electoral contests of 1796 and 1800 were as clearly and coherently expressive of conservatism and liberalism as any elections in our history. The conservative and liberal parties, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, were led by two distinguished patriots, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, and the partisan campaigns waged by their parties were as bitter and scurrilous as any in our history.

Adams and Jefferson had once been close friends. In 1775 they met in the Continental Congress and found that they were alike in their enthusiasm for declaring independence from Great Britain. In the 1780s the two patriots were thrown together as ministers abroad where they and their families further cemented the bonds of friendship. When they returned to the States they ended up, following George Washington’s two terms as president, as the presidential candidates of the two emerging political parties.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/01/2018
Easter Bunny, like the Belsnickle, owes its American roots to the Pennsylvania Dutch
March 30, 2018, LancasterOnline by Tom Knapp
The Easter Bunny has something in common with the Belsnickle.

Both are Pennsylvania Dutch traditions.

Many Easter traditions — including the symbolic egg and hare — predate Christianity. The notion of an egg-laying rabbit can be traced to Germany, and it came to America with the Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants who settled in and around Lancaster County.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/13/2018
Tree believed to be planted by George Washington 227 years ago is knocked down by nor'easter
March 04, 2018, Fox News by Nicole Darrah
A tree at George Washington’s Mount Vernon – said to be planted by the first president himself – was knocked down Friday by the powerful nor'easter that struck the U.S.

“Today at Mount Vernon, strong winds brought down a 227-year-old Canadian Hemlock, as well as a Virginia Cedar that stood watch over Washington’s tomb for many years,” the historical landmark posted on Facebook.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/12/2018
Wyld's Great Globe
March 02, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
The famous British cartographer and former Member of Parliament, James Wyld, had a brilliant plan to promote his mapmaking business. The Great Exhibition was slated for 1851, at Hyde Park in London, and would be visited by prominent industrialists, scientist, and artists from around the world, as well as members of the Royal family. Wyld figured if he could create a huge model of the earth with an accurate depiction of earth’s geography, for the exhibition, it could further his chances of scoring new business deals and increasing sales.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/11/2018
Archaeologist uncovers hidden history of conquistadors in American South
February 28, 2018, by Tulane University
Chris Rodning, the Paul and Debra Gibbons Professor in the Tulane School of Liberal Arts' Department of Anthropology, unravels early entanglements between Native Americans and European explorers, revealing how their interactions shaped the history of the American South.

"Native Americans' responses to Spanish explorers and colonists form an important part of the story behind the history of European colonialism in North America," said Rodning, who conducts archaeological research at Fort San Juan—the earliest known permanent European settlement in the interior United States, located near Morganton, North Carolina.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/10/2018
A golden age in the Americas when even artists were 'spoils of war'
February 26, 2018, The Art Newspaper by Victoria Stapley-Brown
“The Inca… acquired innumerable riches of gold and silver and other valuable things, such as precious stones and red shells, which these natives then esteemed more than silver or gold.” This quote, from the Spanish cartographer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa’s 1572 history of the indigenous American civilisation, opens the exhibition Golden Kingdoms: Luxury and Legacy in the Ancient Americas, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It introduces a view of materials that baffled gold-greedy conquistadors—and will challenge visitors’ ideas of what has “inherent or universal value”, says the show’s lead curator, Joanne Pillsbury.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/09/2018
The Delicate Art of Cobweb Paintings
February 24, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
Who could have thought that the delicate, fine, silky threads of a spider’s cobweb could be woven into a canvas strong enough to withstand the abrasive strokes of an artist’s brush? But the hundred or so paintings that survive today in museums and in the hands of private collectors bear testimony to this incredibly ingenious, painstaking and time-consuming craft that the Austrian monks of the Tyrolean Alps practiced in the 16th century.

Cobweb painting, sometimes also called gossamer painting, are made on fabrics made of spider cobwebs or caterpillars' silk. The cobwebs are collected from the wild, and great care is taken to remove twigs, insect parts, spider droppings etc. that become trapped and entangled in the web. After carefully cleaning the webs, they are stretched over a cardboard to form a thin canvas. Over this canvas a coat of diluted milk is applied to add strength. The canvas is now ready to paint, but it is still extremely fragile. Even a gentle poke of a finger can completely destroy a cobweb painting.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 301Online Resources Links: 613Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,055 | Pix: 5,009 (45.31%) | Countries: 10,280 (92.99%) | Dates: 3,324 (30.07%) | Bio: 9,896 (89.52%) | TLs: 1,378 (12.46%)/3,709 (47.99%) | Links: 14,224 (128.67%) | Gallery: 53 (0.48%) | Notes: 1,722 (15.58%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 100 | Pix: 2 (2.00%) | Countries: 100 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 65 (65.00%) | TLs: 2 (2.00%)/9 | Links: 82 (82.00%) | Gallery: 82 (82.00%) | Notes: 82 (82.00%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,846Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,728    Tagged: 6,356 (82.25%)   With Links: 4,323 (55.94%)   Total Links: 5,385
Colonial Quotes: 2,849Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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