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Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia (DE)
Embroidery: The Language of Art (DE)
Rainbow in a Pot: Making Dye with Natural Materials (MA)
Aprons, Robes, and Thrones: Fraternal Regalia Catalogs in the Library & Archives Collection (MA)
Keeping Time - Clockmakers and Collectors (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution (MA)
Make a Shaving Horse (MA)
The Currency of Colonial America - the Struggle for Economic Independence (NH)
“The American Revolution on the Northern Frontier: Fort Ticonderoga and the Road to Saratoga” (NY)
Time Traveler Camp (PA)
34th Annual Gunmaker's Fair (PA)
Architectural Clues to 18th-Century Williamsburg (VA)

Word of the Day [More]

Ferial
This word has had odd shifts of sense. Latin feria, holiday, was originally applied, in ecclesiastical English, to weekdays (as opposed to the Sabbath) that called for certain observances, as Ash Wednesday. Hence, a weekday; then, a weekday on which no holy day or holiday falls. Thus ferial, pertaining to a weekday, as opposed to a festival. But there also continued in use the sense of a weekday to be especially observed; hence ferial, pertaining to a holiday; from the 15th through the 17th century, a ferial day, ferial time meant that the law courts were closed; Mrs. Byrne in UNDERCURRENTS OVERLOOKED (1860) said that Admiral Mackan ordered that all works in the navy should be suspended on ferial days. Hence feriate, feriot, vacation, holiday; also ferie; in his THRE LAWES (15S8) Bale spoke of Sondayes and other feryes. And the rare verb ferie, fery, to keep holiday; To abuse the sabbothe, cried Hooper in A DECLARATION OF THE TEN HOLY COMMAUNDEMENTES (1548), is as mouche as to fery unto god, and work to the devill. Also feriation, cessation of work, holiday taking. Sir Thomas Browne in PSEUDODOXIA EPIDEMICA (1646) exclaimed scornfully: As though there were any feriation in nature!

Daily Trivia [More]

(1702-13)
Queen Anne's War
8) When is the town of Alburquerque, named for the viceroy of New Spain, the Duke of Alburquerque, founded?
  1. 1710

  2. 1712

  3. 1706

  4. 1708

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Daily Colonial Quote

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work of it, otherwise we use them meanly and pitifully. In order to discover the line of our duty rightly, we should take our children in our hand, and fix our station a few years farther into life; that eminence will present a prospect, which a few present fears and prejudices conceal from our sight.
— Thomas Paine
Common Sense, 1776

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Today1 Article Chapter added/edited
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07/28/1611 Census People added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2Regional History: Journals07/29/16
New England Weather: 1799 Hail StormSociety-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/18/16
June, 2016Antiques: Auction Results07/06/16
John Woolman's Journal: Chapter 10Regional History: Journals06/26/16
New England Weather: The Cold Summer of 1816Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times06/16/16
May, 2016Antiques: Auction Results06/04/16
New England Weather: The Tornado in 1814Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times05/23/16
April, 2016Antiques: Auction Results05/13/16
Stenciling: Download PatternsHow-To Guides: Interior04/29/16
New England Weather: The Freshet of 1814Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/16/16

This Day in Early Modern History -- July 29th

click on      for links to additional information; or go to the Timeline for more events
 •  1563-League of High Nobles routes King Philip II 
 •  1565-Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
 •  1579-Antwerp requests union with of Utrecht 
 •  1585-Friese Academy (later University of Franeker) opens 
 •  1588-Attacking Spanish Armada defeated and scattered by English defenders
  -Duke Farneses troops ready for invasion of England 
 •  1634-Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao 
 •  1655-Biggest town hall in the world opens in Amsterdam.
 •  1693-Battle of Landen (aka Battle of Neerwinden): French beat English/Dutch army
 •  1696-French king Louis XIV and Victor Amadeua van Savoye signs peace 
 •  1751-First international world title prize fight-Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M Petit of France in 29 minutes in England
 •  1773-First schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mtns completed, Schoenbrunn, OH 
 •  1776-Escalante and Dominguez begin expedition to explore North American southwest
 •  1778-French navy contacts Continentals
 •  1786-First newspaper published west of Alleghanies, The Pittsburgh Gazette
 •  1794-Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church forms in Philadelphia
 •  1848-Tipperary Revolt ends in failure
 •  1858-First commercial treaty between U.S. and Japan signed; among other items, it allows U.S. citizens to live anywhere in Japan

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 07/29/2016
18th-century document trips up plans for Connecticut green
July 21, 2016, The Associated Press by Pat Eaton-Robb
The mile-long town green here seems little changed from the days when French troops camped on it during the Revolutionary War. It is hayed each year by farmers and, in the winter, the town turns part of it into an ice skating rink.

The green is a center of community life for Lebanon, but the town doesn’t actually own it, according to records that include a court document dating to 1705.

Instead, it belongs to the “heirs and assigns” of 51 original proprietors, the 17th and early 18th-century investors in the property. That’s probably about 10,000 people, said town historian Alicia Wayland.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/29/2016
Townspeople and Treasure Hunters in Hungary Search for a Sultan’s Buried Heart
July 14, 2016, The New York Times by Helene Bienvenu
In the shade of a wiry cherry tree, 72-year-old Jozsef Kovacs was digging in the dry dirt with a large gardening shovel.

“We haven’t found a lot this morning,” Mr. Kovacs said on a recent summer day, flashing a grin a few teeth short of a full smile. “But in October, we found a marble column.”

The column was a part of a 16th-century encampment that was unearthed last fall in Szigetvar, a poor city in southern Hungary, by a team of researchers from the University of Pecs.

The site is believed to be where Suleiman the Magnificent spent his last night before 50,000 of his Ottoman soldiers sacked a nearby fortress defended by 2,500 Christians led by Miklos Zrinyi, a local Croatian-Hungarian nobleman.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/25/2016
How Martha Washington Helped George Stop Worrying
July 08, 2016, OZY by Farah Halime
Sitting at her writing desk in Philadelphia, Martha Washington penned a letter to her beloved sister, Nancy. “Last week our boats made another attempt on the ships of the north river,” she wrote in the 1776 letter, discussing nothing of needlework but plenty about military advances along the Hudson River. The correspondence reveals that America’s founding mother was acutely aware of her husband’s work. “I thank God we shant want men,” she confidently writes. “The army at New York is very large.”

“It speaks volumes about their relationship,” says Lynn Price, assistant editor of the Washington Papers project at the University of Virginia, which has published comprehensive editions of the first president’s letters. Far from political, George Washington’s information-sharing was based on an emotional dependence on his wife. There was a tremendous amount of respect between the two, Price explains. “We now know she was acutely aware of all that was going on,” she says.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/25/2016
The Forgotten Founding Father, Benjamin Rush
July 06, 2016, Today I Found Out by Matt Blitz
56 men signed the Declaration of Independence in the summer of 1776. Among them were many of the most notable figures in American history, including John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. While there are certainly names on that list that the average American wouldn’t recognize (like Stephen Hopkins, who’s less famous than his cousin Benedict Arnold), there is at least one on there that every citizen should know, but many don’t: Benjamin Rush.

Beyond simply signing the Declaration of Independence, Rush was a war veteran, a passionate abolitionist, an advocate of public education, a controversial but extremely significant physician, a critic of George Washington and an early proponent of considerate treatment of mental illness. Here’s the story of the forgotten founding father, Benjamin Rush.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/24/2016
Radiography of drought periods in Spain from the last 318 years
June 30, 2016, Science Daily by Staff
The Mediterranean Basin has been witness to increased droughts for at least five decades, but has this always been the case? A team from the University of Zaragoza has been successful in reconstructing, for the first time, the droughts from 1694 to 2012 based on the precipitation index and the study of tree growth rings. According to the study, the twelve months leading up to July 2012 were the driest.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/24/2016
The Legend of Hercules Mulligan
June 30, 2016, Central Intelligence Agency by Staff
We’re all familiar with the legendary heroes who fought to secure our independence from the British: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Paul Revere and his midnight ride. But there are many other influencers of the Revolutionary War whose names don’t immediately come to mind when reflecting on the birth of this great nation. Their efforts and contributions are no less significant or important to securing the freedoms we enjoy every day. The heroics of their lives and stories remain unsung, like many of those serving their country in the shadows today.

This Fourth of July, to celebrate the anniversary of our independence, we are shining the spotlight on one such hero, a man who risked his life to save General George Washington. Twice. A man who helped convert Alexander Hamilton from a Tory to a Patriot. A man who successfully ran his own business and used that business to live among the British, befriending them and covertly acquiring information while overtly tarnishing his reputation with the Patriots. That’s right, Hercules Mulligan.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/23/2016
The Popular Oneida Silverware And The Polyamorous Religious Cult That Started It All
July 01, 2016, Today I found Out by Matt Blitz
For many Americans in the 20th century, holiday meals meant getting out the special Oneida Silverware. Stainless steel, ornamental and moderately expensive, it wasn’t a fancy dinner unless there was a Silverplate Oneida spoon on the table. Despite its traditional look, the history of Oneida Silverware is anything but. The company was originally founded by a 19th century upstate New York religious community who believed in communist ideals (while simultaneously exploiting capitalism for their own benefit), women’s and workers’ rights, parents not being overly fond of their own children, and polyamorous relationships. Here now is the story behind the forks, spoons and knives that grandma puts on the table every Thanksgiving.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/23/2016
This Old Map: Da Vinci's City Plan, 1502
April 22, 2016, CityLab by Laura Bliss
Perhaps the most common type of city map is the kind on Google Maps: a flattened out, “ichnographic” plan, where all buildings and features appear perfectly perpendicular to a single, aerial viewpoint. This unrealistic view allows newcomers to grasp a city’s entire layout, relative to its environs and the cardinal directions. In the era of GPS and aerial photography, creating an accurate ichnographic plan isn’t too difficult. But one such map, created by a famous Renaissance polymath, pre-dated airplanes and satellites by centuries.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/22/2016
What Happened To British Loyalists After The Revolutionary War?
July 03, 2016, NPR by Rachel Martin
It's July Fourth weekend — a time that many Americans dedicate to celebrating democracy and the birth of the United States. But more than two centuries ago, when the Revolutionary War ended with an American victory, not everyone was celebrating.

It's estimated that between 15 and 20 percent of the population back then still remained loyal to the British Crown. Naturally, they weren't so thrilled by the climactic British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781, which effectively sealed the fate of King George's attempt to keep the colonists in line.

So what became of these loyalists who suddenly found themselves on the wrong side of history? To answer that question, NPR's Rachel Martin spoke with Maya Jasanoff, a professor of history at Harvard University.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/22/2016
Archaeologists Say They Made A 16th-Century Find At The Lost Roanoke Colony Site
June 22, 2016, The Huffington Post by Nina Golgowski
Four centuries after the colony of Roanoke vanished, archaeologists say they have unearthed what they believe to be the remnants of the New World’s first English settlement.

Two small pieces of blue-and-brown pottery, believed to be from an apothecary jar used in the 16th century, were recently uncovered during a dig at North Carolina’s Roanoke Island, archaeologists announced.

“This is really exciting,” Eric Deetz, an archaeologist with the First Colony Foundation who said he personally identified the pieces, told The Huffington Post Wednesday.


Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 257Online Resources Links: 611Recipes: 480
Census People: 9,268 | Pix: 1,062 (11.46%) | Countries: 8,449 (91.16%) | Dates: 2,301 (24.83%) | Bio: 6,816 (73.54%) | TLs: 41 (0.44%) | Links: 8,143 (87.86%) | Gallery: 51 (0.55%) | Notes: 1,337 (14.43%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,402Broadsheet Archive: 2,561Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,779    Tagged: 6,272 (80.63%)   With Links: 3,787 (48.68%)   Total Links: 4,580
Colonial Quotes: 1,900Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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