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Mattias de' Medici
the third son of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici of Tuscany and Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria. He was governor of Siena, with interruptions, from 1629. He never married. career at the age of 16. His father, Cosimo II, died on 28 February 1621; he was succeeded by Ferdinando de' Medici, the elder son. On 29 May 1629, Grand Duke Ferdinando appointed Mattias governor of Siena, following the death of their aunt and the then governor, Catherine de' Medici.

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Jack Ketch
The hangman. Jack Ketch (Catch, Kitch) was the common executioner from about 1665 to 1686; he seemed so bloodthirsty when the Duke of Monmouth and other political offenders were executed that his name was given to the hangman in the Punch and Judy show, newly introduced (Punchinello) from Italy; thereafter, it became the common term for an executioner, especially in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
It is possible to indulge too great contempt for mere success, which is frequently attended with all the practical advantages of merit itself, and with several advantages that merit alone can never command.
— William Benton Clulow

Latest Activity

TodayNothing new to report...
08/14/202 Census People added/edited
2 Dictionary words added/edited
08/13/201 Broadsheet added
2 Census People added/edited
8 Census Links added/edited
1 Census Notes Item added/edited
08/12/201 Census Person added/edited
08/11/201 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

July, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results08/10/20
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals07/31/20
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Antiques: Auction Results07/13/20
May, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results06/19/20
April, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results05/09/20
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses04/22/20
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Architecture: Houses04/22/20
The White Pine Series: Maine
Architecture: Houses04/22/20
March, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results04/08/20

This Day in Early Modern History -- August 15th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1519-Panama City, Panama founded
 •  1531-Portuguese king agrees to pay 60,000 ducats to privateer Jean Ango to stop raiding his fleet
 •  1534-Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus/Jesuits
 •  1535-Asunción, Paraguay founded
 •  1548-Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, (6) arrives in France 
 •  1549-Portuguese missionaries Francis Xavier lands in Kagoshima, Japan 
 •  1635-First recorded U.S. hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony 
 •  1637-Anne of Austria admits guilt to illegal correspondence
 •  1658-France/Sweden/Bavarian/Brunswick/Munster/Hessen-Kassel form the Rhine Confederation (Rijnbond) 
 •  1668-The Rhine Confederation (Rijnbond) disbands 
 •  1684-Spain and Germany sign cease fire with France 
 •  1741-French troops attack the Rhine 
 •  1743-Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning the Second Silesian War
 •  1748-United Lutheran Church of U.S. organized 
 •  1760-Battle of Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria and Russia
 •  1780-Francis Marion (aka Swamp Fox) routs loyalists while Horatio Gates' men fall ill
 •  1785-French cardinal Louis de Rohan arrested 
 •  1795-Joseph Haydn leaves England forever 
 •  1812-Indian captive William Wells is killed
 •  1824-Freed American slaves forms country of Liberia 
 •  1832-Gregory XVI's encyclical Mirari Vos (On Liberalism and Religious Indifferentism)
 •  1843-National Convention Of Colored Citizens meets in Buffalo New York
  -Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen opens
 •  1846-General Stephen W. Kearny's U.S. forces capture Santa Fe, New Mexico, without firing a shot
 •  1848-Waldo Hanchett of Syracuse, NY patents the dental chair
 •  1858-Regular mail to Pacific coast begins 
 •  1859-Charles Comiskey, namesake of Chicago’s famous Comiskey Park, is born


 •  1613-  Gilles Menage -- Writers
 •  1736-  Johann Christoph Kellner -- Composers
  -  Alexander Runciman -- Artists
 •  1740-  Matthias Claudius -- Writers
 •  1769-  Napoleon Bonaparte -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1771-  Walter Scott -- Writers
 •  1785-  Thomas De Quincey -- Writers
 •  1788-  Carel Sirardus Willem van Hogendorp -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1810-  Louise Colet -- Writers
 •  1822-  Edward Clark -- Architects


 •  1558-  Paul Lautensack -- Artists
 •  1621-  John Barclay -- Writers
 •  1675-  Matthew IV -- Clergy
 •  1728-  Marin Marais -- Composers
 •  1768-  Pavle Nenadovic -- Clergy
 •  1787-  Joseph Reed [1] -- Writers
 •  1790-  Agostino Carlini -- ArtistsSculptors
 •  1808-  Johann Andreas Kauchlitz Colizzi -- Composers
 •  1812-  William Wells -- Military
 •  1852-  Johan Gadolin -- Scientists
 •  1854-  Thomas Chilton -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 08/13/2020
A former slave market will be removed from the center of Georgia's first capital
August 13, 2020, CNN by Lauren M. Johnson
A small town in Georgia has voted to move a former slave market out of the center of town.

Louisville, located about 45 miles southwest of Augusta, was the first capital of the state and has been home of the Old Market House since 1795. The structure was a former slave market and sits in the middle of downtown.

"We're trying our best to do what's right here," Mayor Larry Morgan told CNN affiliate WJBF.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/11/2020
Easter Island society did not collapse prior to European contact, new research shows
February 09, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Easter Island society did not collapse prior to European contact and its people continued to build its iconic moai statues for much longer than previously believed, according to a team of researchers including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

The island of Rapa Nui is well-known for its elaborate ritual architecture, particularly its numerous statues (moai) and the monumental platforms that supported them (ahu). A widely-held narrative posits that the construction of these monuments ceased sometime around 1600, following a major societal collapse.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/09/2020
Remember Playing 'Oregon Trail'? Here's How Those Causes Of Death Would Have Played Out IRL
June 14, 2019, Ranker by Colleen Conroy
Johnny has dysentery! Sarah has a snakebite! In a way that somehow mixed gruesome history with the fun of pixelated color, the Oregon Trail computer game taught kids not only how to skillfully buy enough hardtack for a cross-country voyage, but also numerated the many ways to die on the Oregon Trail.

Stretching about 2,000 miles from the Missouri River to the Willamette Valley in Oregon, the Oregon Trail claimed the lives of one out of every 10 of its travelers. Pioneers set out in parties numbering from one family to thousands of wagons teamed up together. However, no matter the number, one fact remained: life on the trail was brutal.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/07/2020
Christopher Columbus Statue Beheaded In Boston Park
June 10, 2020, HuffPost by Jenna Amatulli
“Off with his head!” was presumably the cry of the individuals involved in the beheading of a Christopher Columbus statue in Boston.

The statue of the famed explorer in Christopher Columbus Park in the city’s North End was found with its head lying on the ground early Wednesday morning.

Police responded to a call about the statue at 12:30 a.m., a department spokesperson told HuffPost. There have been no arrests, and the investigation is “active and ongoing,” the spokesperson said.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/05/2020
Protesters Topple Christopher Columbus Statue in Richmond
June 09, 2020, Daily Beast by Blake Montgomery
Protesters in Richmond, Virginia, toppled a statue of Christopher Columbus into a pond in the city’s Byrd Park Tuesday night. As protests continue in the wake of the alleged murder of George Floyd, some demonstrators have turned their attention to once-lauded figures who have been reevaluated since the monuments to them were erected. The action in Richmond echoes the dismantling of an Antwerp statue of Leopold II, known for colonizing and exploiting the Congo, and one of the slave trader Edward Colston in London. The same day in Richmond, a lawsuit stayed the proposed removal of a statue of the Confederate leader Robert E. Lee. Several days prior, activists tore down a statue of Confederate general Williams Carter Wickham.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/03/2020
You can now view every exquisite detail of this Rembrandt masterpiece virtually
May 14, 2020, CNN by Sara Spary
With many galleries closed to the public as the world grapples with the coronavirus crisis, a museum in the Netherlands has found a way to bring a masterpiece straight into people's homes.

The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam has created a "hyper resolution" image of Dutch painter Rembrandt's "The Night Watch" that can be viewed online.

posted on Colonial Sense: 08/01/2020
Mesoamerican copper smelting technology aided colonial weaponry
March 31, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
When Spanish invaders arrived in the Americas, they were generally able to subjugate the local peoples thanks, in part, to their superior weaponry and technology.

But archeological evidence indicates that, in at least one crucial respect, the Spaniards were quite dependent on an older indigenous technology in parts of Mesoamerica (today’s Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras).

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/30/2020
10 Mysterious And Creepy Items Discovered At Jamestown, Virginia
August 30, 2019, Ranker by Cheryl Adams Richkoff
Jamestown, VA, is the site of the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Established in 1607, the colony was initially the creation of a corporation called the Virginia Company of London. One could buy shares in the new venture or travel to the area themselves. The Jamestown settlement struggled during its first two decades. The earliest residents endured a "Starving Time" that decimated the small population, and they experienced other challenging circumstances. Bad press about living conditions and life expectancy traveled back to England, and for a time it was difficult to convince people to settle in the new colony.

By the 1630s, though, things had become calmer in Jamestown. The English Civil War sent a number of royal supporters packing, and some of them went to Virginia to settle. The original settlement was essentially abandoned by the late 17th century, and for 200 years, Jamestown was largely forgotten. Many experts even insisted that the original James Fort had washed away into the James River, and - like the mysterious Roanoke Colony - it was considered lost to history.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/28/2020
Faith made Harriet Tubman fearless as she rescued slaves
December 03, 2019, The Conversation by Robert Gudmestad
Millions of people voted in an online poll in 2015 to have the face of Harriet Tubman on the US$20 bill. But many might not have known the story of her life as chronicled in a recent film, “Harriet.”

Harriet Tubman worked as a slave, spy and eventually as an abolitionist. What I find most fascinating, as a historian of American slavery, is how belief in God helped Tubman remain fearless, even when she came face to face with many challenges.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/26/2020
Edmond Becquerel just turned 200, and NOW we finally find out how he made the first color photograph
April 05, 2020, Daily Kos by skralyx
March 24, 2020 was Edmond Becquerel’s 200th birthday. He was the first person ever to make a color photograph, in 1848 (above), although no one, including Becquerel himself, had known exactly why it had worked. It’s been debated for many years, with no satisfactory explanation.

But a few days ago, we found out in the esteemed chemical journal Angewandte Chemie that a research team led by Dr. Victor de Seauve and Dr. Marie-Angélique Languille, on behalf of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris, has used some modern spectroscopic techniques to finally figure out how he did it.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 255Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,499 | Pix: 5,301 (46.10%) | Countries: 10,707 (93.11%) | Dates: 3,954 (34.39%) | Bio: 10,284 (89.43%) | TLs: 1,418 (12.33%)/3,750 (48.54%) | Links: 18,683 (162.47%) | Gallery: 106 (0.92%) | Notes: 1,856 (16.14%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,164Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,726    Tagged: 6,386 (82.66%)   With Links: 4,458 (57.70%)   Total Links: 5,613
Colonial Quotes: 3,308Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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