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Redwood Country Flea Market (CT)
Thomas Chippendale at 300: Treasures from the Collection (DE)
Lakewood 400 Antiques Market (GA)
Discovery Interiors Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Jewelry & Silver Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Open Hearth Cooking Demonstration: Family Style (MA)
Stenciling Art (MA)
Montgomery County Fairgrounds Flea Market (MD)
BABY ANIMALS: Heritage Breeds at the Banke (NH)
Spring On The Farm (NH)
Chelsea Flea Market (NY)
Hell's Kitchen Flea Market (NY)
Paths Less Traveled (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Thirteenth Annual Casey Farm Egg Hunt (RI)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Istvan Ferenczy
a nineteenth-century Hungarian sculptor. It was Ferenczy who discovered marble in Ruszicka. Travels and excavations cost his much of his fortune. He completed the "Statue of Kölcsey", his major work in 1846 but retired from larger sculpture work from 1847 onwards. Only the statue of "Eurydike", one of his best works, and small clay statuettes occupied in his time in the 1850s.

Word of the Day [More]

To investigate thoroughly; to examine minutely. Also perscrutate; perscrutation; perscrutator. Latin per, through + scrutari, scrutatum, to examine; whence also scrutiny and the inscrutable ways of providence. Thomas Carlyle in PAST AND PRESENT (1843) exclaimed at Such guessing, visioning, dim perscrutation of the momentous future!

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Republic
What was the largest warship built during the War of 1812?
  1. HMS St. Lawrence

  2. HMS Shannon

  3. HMS King George

  4. HMS Victory

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.
— Francis Bacon

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Today1 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

March, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results04/09/19
New England Weather: 1851 Lighthouse Storm
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/28/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals03/24/19
February, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results03/08/19
New England Weather: The Long Storm of 1798
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/01/19
January, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results01/30/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of De Beauchamps' Journey to the Choctaws
Regional History: Journals01/19/19
December, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/19
New England Weather: 1839 Storms
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/30/18
German Christmas
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/24/18

This Day in Early Modern History -- April 20th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1505-Jews are expelled from Orange, Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg [UNVERIFIED: 'Philibert of Luxembourg' apparently refers to Philibert of Chalon, but he was born in 1502 which would make him very anti-semitic if he were expelling Jews at age 3...further research needed...-ed]
 •  1551-John Dudley becomes English Earl Marshal
 •  1598-Near current-day El Paso, some 500 colonists led by Juan de Onate celebrate the end of a grueling expedition across Mexico's Chihuahua Desert
 •  1650-Dutch Trading Giant VOC-management sets new guidelines 
 •  1653-In London, Oliver Cromwell dissolves the British Rump Parliament
 •  1657-Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
 •  1689-Siege of Londonderry begins
 •  1702-Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
 •  1715-Nicholas Rowe's Tragedy of Lady Jane Gray premieres in London
 •  1769-Chief Pontiac is assassinated by a Peoria Indian
 •  1770-Captain James Cook arrives in New South Wales
 •  1775-The British begin the siege of Boston, Massachusetts
 •  1777-New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
 •  1792-France declares war on Austria, Prussia and Sardinia marking the start of the French Revolutionary wars
 •  1799-Friedrich Schiller's Wallensteins Tod premieres in Weimar
  -Napoleon Bonaparte issues a decree calling for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
 •  1809-Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
 •  1836-US Congress creates the Territory of Wisconsin
 •  1841-First detective story (Edgar Allan Poe's The Murders in the Rue Morgue) published in Graham’s Magazine
 •  1853-Harriet Tubman begins her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape


 •  1633-  Go-Komyo -- Governance
 •  1702-  Zenon de Somodevilla -- Governance
 •  1739-  William Bartram -- ArtistsScientists
 •  1772-  Charles Brodhead -- Explorers
 •  1786-  Marc Seguin -- Inventors
 •  1805-  Leon Levy Brunswick -- Writers
 •  1807-  Aloysius Bertrand -- Writers
 •  1808-   Napoleon III -- Governance
 •  1818-  Heinrich Gobel -- Inventors
 •  1826-  Dinah Craik -- Writers


 •  1656-   Mark VI -- Clergy
 •  1676-  John Clarke -- ClergyGovernanceWritersPhysicians
 •  1693-  Claudio Coello -- Artists
 •  1743-  Alexandre-Francois Desportes -- Artists
 •  1745-   John XVII -- Clergy
 •  1786-  John Goodricke -- Astronomers
 •  1795-  Johan Henric Kellgren -- Writers
 •  1812-  George Clinton -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1817-  Louis Bernard Coclers -- Artists
 •  1845-  Thomas Phillips -- Artists
 •  1857-  Benjamin Tappan -- GovernanceLegal

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 04/20/2019
The first cyberattack took place nearly 200 years ago in France
May 28, 2018, BoingBoing by Cory Doctorow
France created a national mechanical telegraph system in the 1790s; in 1834, a pair of crooked bankers named François and Joseph Blanc launched the first cyberattack, poisoning the data that went over the system in order to get a trading advantage in the bond market.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/19/2019
Why the Very First Treaty Between the United States and a Native People Still Resonates Today
May 24, 2018, Smithsonian Magazine by Ryan P. Smith
The narrative of the American Revolutionary War is often presented as a story of tidy alliances: Britons and Germans on one side, Americans and French on the other. But what of those over whose ancestral lands the conflict was waged—Native Americans?

Native peoples had been driven steadily westward in the decades prior to the war, as boatloads upon boatloads of land-hungry colonists pushed heedlessly (and often violently) into their territory. As revolution dawned, however, settlers began to realize that making allies rather than adversaries of Native Americans could prove to be a useful strategy, given the indigenous peoples' manpower as well as their prodigious knowledge of the battlegrounds.

In 1776, the Declaration of Independence asserted the existence of a coherent United States, a national entity distinct from Britain and entitled to its own system of law. This declaration implied that the 13-state collective was within its rights to negotiate and ratify formal international treaties, just like any other country. Pursuing treaties with indigenous peoples quickly became a high priority for the United States.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/18/2019
Pirate mystery solved: Human bone reveals its secrets
May 25, 2018, Fox News by James Rogers
A mysterious human bone recovered from Cape Cod’s Whydah shipwreck does not belong to a notorious English pirate, experts have confirmed.

The Whydah Pirate Museum in Yarmouth, Mass. announced Thursday that the bone is not from infamous pirate Samuel "Black Sam" Bellamy. The museum had enlisted forensic scientists at the University of New Haven to extract DNA and compare it with DNA from a living Bellamy descendant in the U.K.

The testing determined that the bone was from a male with general ties to the Eastern Mediterranean area, but was not Bellamy.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/17/2019
'Holy Grail Of Shipwrecks' Found Near Colombian Coast, Woods Hole Says
May 22, 2018, The Associated Press by Mark Pratt
A Spanish galleon laden with gold that sank to the bottom of the Caribbean off the coast of Colombia more than 300 years ago was found three years ago with the help of an underwater autonomous vehicle operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the agency disclosed for the first time.

New details about the discovery of the San Jose were released on Monday with permission from the agencies involved in the search, including the Colombian government.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/16/2019
George Washington's headquarters flag makes historic return to Philadelphia
May 18, 2018, Fox News by James Rogers
The headquarters flag used by George Washington during the Revolutionary War will go on display in Philadelphia next month, marking its first public appearance in the city since the war itself.

The rare faded and fragile blue silk flag, which measures two feet by three feet, will be on display in the Museum of the American Revolution from Flag Day, June 14, through June 17. The display will also mark the flag’s first public appearance in Pennsylvania in decades.

Adorned with 13 six-pointed stars to represent the original 13 colonies, the artifact is thought to be the earliest surviving 13-star American flag.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/15/2019
The Fort That Would Have Never Worked
April 24, 2018, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
For more than 200 years, the United States and Great Britain have been at peace with one another if not outright allies. But to get there, the two nations had to fight a pair of wars first — the American Revolution and the War of 1812. The former ended with the Treaty of Paris (1783) which, in part, established the border between the newly-created United States and the British territory of Canada. That border was re-established by the Treaty of Ghent in 1814, and since then, that’s been a mostly stable, peaceful line of demarcation between the U.S. and now-independent Canada.

But in 1816, American president James Madison wasn’t willing to assume that everything was going to work out okay. The British had, in both wars, attacked the United States from the north. Lake Champlain, which runs between New York and Vermont, was a particularly vulnerable area, as the waterway runs deep into Canada, connecting up with the St. Lawrence just northeast of Montreal. The British could — and in both wars, did — send forces down the lake into the United States.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/14/2019
Lost, stolen, blown up and fed to pigs: the greatest missing masterpieces
May 18, 2018, The Guardian by Noah Charney
Imagine a museum of lost art. It would contain more objects than all of the world’s museums combined. Only a modest percentage of the works created through history survive intact today. For many pre-modern artists, not to mention those of the ancient world, many more works are known of (thanks to references to them in texts or other sources) than are extant.

Some of these vanished masterpieces are definitively gone, their destruction documented: most (but not all) of the seven wonders of the ancient world; Leonardo’s Horse statue (used as target practice by French archers after they took over Milan in 1499), or Rogier van der Weyden’s Justice Cycle (consumed by fire, along with the rest of the Golden Chamber in Brussels). But what really stirs the imagination are not the definitive tragedies of artefacts known to have been ruined, but the stories of artworks that are lost – stolen, mislaid, hidden and forgotten – and might be retrieved.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/13/2019
George Washington U. Students Petition to Get Rid of 'Offensive' Colonials Mascot
May 04, 2018, Fox News Insider by Staff
More than 200 George Washington University students have signed a petition calling for the school to adopt a new mascot and nickname because the current moniker, Colonials, is "extremely offensive."

"The historically, negatively-charged figure of Colonials has too deep a connection to colonization and glorifies the act of systemic oppression," the petition reads.

It suggests alternative nicknames such as "Hippos" or "Riverhorses."

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/12/2019
The Curious Case of the Campden Wonder
April 04, 2018, Today I Found Out by Melissa
On the 16th of August, 1660, an approximately 70 year old William Harrison walked toward the village of Charingworth, about two miles from Chipping Campden, with the intention of collecting rent for his employer, the Lady Viscountess Campden. When he failed to return home, Harrison’s wife sent out their servant, John Perry, to find him, but neither man returned that evening.

Becoming more alarmed, Harrison’s son, Edward, went looking for his father and Perry the next morning, and finally found John Perry on the road to Charingworth, but the latter explained that he had not found the elder Harrison. The two then set out to Ebrington where they found tenants Harrison was to have visited and learned that Harrison had, in fact, made contact with them, but no sign of him was otherwise found. That is, until William Harrison’s blood-stained collar, hat and comb were found along the road.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/11/2019
The Gross, Metallic Secret Behind America’s Westward Expansion
April 16, 2018, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
In 1804, a pair of American explorers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, led an expedition from Illinois to points unknown, hoping to find a passage to the Pacific Ocean. Their round-trip took more than two years but was a success, with a well-developed series of maps showing how future pioneers could, similarly, travel westward.

Today, you can visit many of the sites where the Lewis and Clark Expedition set up camp if you’re so interested. And when you do, you can rest assured that those locations are historically accurate — we know many of the exact spots where the expedition set up camp. At first blush, you’d think that the detailed maps the expedition produced would be the source of those locations, but if you think about it for a moment, that can’t be true. Mapmaking of the time lacked the tools we have today — aerial cameras, satellites and GPS technology, surveying tools, and more. In fact: Lewis and Clark didn’t even have a pre-existing outline of what the continent looked like.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 289Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,149 | Pix: 5,083 (45.59%) | Countries: 10,373 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,586 (32.16%) | Bio: 9,980 (89.51%) | TLs: 1,393 (12.49%)/3,720 (48.17%) | Links: 16,181 (145.13%) | Gallery: 54 (0.48%) | Notes: 1,745 (15.65%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 128 | Pix: 2 (1.56%) | Countries: 128 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 85 (66.41%) | TLs: 2 (1.56%)/9 | Links: 104 (81.25%) | Gallery: 104 (81.25%) | Notes: 104 (81.25%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,868Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,369 (82.47%)   With Links: 4,382 (56.74%)   Total Links: 5,516
Colonial Quotes: 2,904Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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