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Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America (KY)
Program in New England Studies (MA)
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Cheung Po Tsai
a 19th-century Chinese pirate. He was a son of a Tanka fisherman who lived in Xinhui of Jiangmen but was kidnapped by the pirate Cheng I and his wife Ching Shih when he was 15. He was adopted by the kidnappers as their son. Cheung Po later took over the pirating business from his adopted parents.

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One who issued local currency.

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American Revolution
On June 11, 1776, Congress appointed a "Committee of Five", consisting of Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, Robert R. Livingston of New York, and Roger Sherman of Connecticut, to draft a declaration. Who was the fifth member of the committee?
  1. Patrick Henry of Virginia

  2. John Adams of Massachusetts

  3. Robert Morris of Pennsylvania

  4. John Hart of New Jersey

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
He that's secure is not safe.
— Benjamin Franklin

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

May, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results06/12/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
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Antiques: Auction Results05/06/19
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Antiques: Auction Results04/09/19
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An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
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Antiques: Auction Results03/08/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- June 19th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1502-Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
 •  1572-Garrison under Adriaen van Zwieten occupy Oudewater
 •  1588-Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at A Coruna
 •  1631-Treaty of Cherasco: Charles Gonzaga becomes duke of Mantua
 •  1669-Polish parliament selects Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki as king
 •  1754-Albany Congress held by seven British colonies to discuss better relations with the Native American tribes
 •  1770-General Church of New Jerusalem established
 •  1778-George Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
 •  1821-Battle of Dragashani: Turkish army beats Greece
 •  1825-Gioachino Rossini's Il viaggio a Reims premieres
 •  1829-Sir Robert Peel founds London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)
 •  1835-New Orleans gives U.S. government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
 •  1846-First baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-New York Club 23, Knickerbockers 1
 •  1850-Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Louise of the Netherlands
 •  1856-First Republican national convention ends


 •  1566-   James I -- ClergyGovernanceWriters
 •  1598-  Gilbert Sheldon -- Clergy
 •  1623-  Blaise Pascal -- WritersInventorsScientists
 •  1701-  Francois Rebel -- Composers
 •  1708-  Johann Gottlieb Janitsch -- Composers
 •  1731-  Joaquim Machado de Castro -- SculptorsWriters
 •  1749-  Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois -- GovernanceWritersPerformers
 •  1767-  Joseph Francois Michaud -- Writers
 •  1790-  John Gibson -- Sculptors
 •  1797-  Hamilton Hume -- Explorers
 •  1798-  Ammi B. Young -- Architects


 •  1715-  Nicolas Lemery -- WritersScientists
 •  1719-  Howell Davis -- Pirates
 •  1762-  Johann Ernst Eberlin -- Composers
 •  1786-  Nathanael Greene -- Military
 •  1794-  Richard Henry Lee -- Governance
 •  1811-  Samuel Chase -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1813-  Johann Christoph Rincklake -- Artists
 •  1817-  Henry Perry -- Military
 •  1820-  Joseph Banks -- ExplorersScientists
 •  1823-  William Combe -- Writers
 •  1844-  Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire -- Writers
 •  1857-  Alexander Twilight -- ClergyGovernanceEducators

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 06/19/2019
Autobiography from 1831 provides rare, firsthand account of a Muslim slave in America
January 17, 2019, CNN by Eliott C. McLaughlin
He was 37 when the army of "wicked men" invaded his West African village, murdering many and absconding with others who they put on a ship for the six-week journey to Charleston, South Carolina.

"There, they sold me to a small, weak and wicked man called Johnson, a complete infidel who had no fear of God at all," scholar and slave Omar ibn Said wrote decades later in 1831, when he was in his early 60s.

His disheartening story, told a quarter-century after his arrival in Charleston, is now online after the Library of Congress acquired and published the essay, the only known surviving autobiography of a Muslim-American slave.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/18/2019
An Incredible 19th-Century Hair Collection That Nearly Became Trash
November 16, 2018, Hyperallergic by Allison Meier
Peter A. Browne believed a scientific portrait of humanity could be constructed through its hair. In the 1840’s and ’50s, the Philadelphia lawyer and naturalist procured as many specimens as he could, from figures famous and ordinary, living and dead, local and abroad. Anyone with hair was desirable for what he anticipated to be a major national collection.

Acquisitions came from patients in the Western Virginia Lunatic Asylum and Napoleon Bonaparte, from a 100-year-old man and a fetus, and from “the head of a lady which had laid 32 years in the grave.” Browne connected with missionaries, explorers, and traders who brought back hair from around the world, and on his behalf the Secretary of the Interior Alexander H. H. Stuart sent requests to agents in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. He collected from the celebrities of the day, like museum founder Charles Willson Peale and author James Fenimore Cooper, and its human oddities, such as conjoined twins Chang and Eng Bunker, and Julia Pastrana, exhibited for her hairy face and body. A few strands of George Washington’s tresses were acquired from the son of the late president’s barber, joining other examples from 13 of the first presidents. Browne even obtained samples from a convicted murderer — before and after his hanging.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/17/2019
Was Wall Street Originally the Site of a ‘Border Wall’ Meant to Protect New Amsterdam?
January 15, 2019, Snopes by David Emery
Claim: In the 17th century, New Amsterdam built a protective wall along its northern perimeter (analogous to Trump's border wall) to keep "bad hombres" out, but it failed to achieve its stated purpose in that the British successfully invaded the city by sea

Rating: Mixture

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/16/2019
Researchers debunk myth about Mona Lisa's eyes
January 09, 2019, CNN by Emily Dixon
The Mona Lisa is famed for two things: her enigmatic smile and her steady gaze, widely believed to follow her viewers around the room.

Indeed, Leonardo da Vinci's world-renowned painting, also known as "La Gioconda," inspired the name of a scientific phenomenon: the Mona Lisa effect, or the perception that the subject of an image is always looking directly at you, no matter where you stand.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/15/2019
'Pirate ship' hand grenade discovered near 17th-century wreck site
January 02, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A gunpowder-filled hand grenade from the wreck of a former pirate ship has washed ashore on a remote U.K. beach.

Local historian and author Robert Felce told Fox News that he found the hand grenade in late November at Dollar Cove on Cornwall’s Lizard Peninsula. Felce also found a similar grenade at the same site on the Cornwall's southern coast in May 2017.

...The heavily encrusted grenades are from the wreck of the Schiedam, a former pirate ship that was being used to transport cargo by the Royal Navy. LiveScience reports that the Schiedam, which was originally a Dutch merchant ship, was taken by Barbary Pirates in 1683, and was subsequently seized by the Royal Navy.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/14/2019
New clue surfaces in underwater hunt for conquistador’s lost ships
December 18, 2018, National Geographic by Kristin Romey
A TANTALIZING CLUE that may help solve the 500-year-old mystery around the “lost fleet” of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés has been found in the Gulf of Mexico, according to an international team of underwater archaeologists with the Lost Ships of Cortés project.

An iron anchor consistent with the type carried by European ships in the early 16th century has been discovered off the coast of Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz, a site some 50 miles north of modern Veracruz, where Cortés founded a settlement in 1519. While researchers cannot say at this time that the anchor conclusively belongs to one of the ships of the notorious conquistador, it provides the first compelling clue to the location of the wrecked vessels.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/13/2019
I dig through archives to unearth hidden stories from African-American history
December 04, 2018, The Conversation by Jane Landers
Many years ago, as a graduate student searching in the archives of Spanish Florida, I discovered the first “underground railroad” of enslaved Africans escaping from Protestant Carolina to find religious sanctuary in Catholic Florida. In 1738, these runaways formed Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, the first free black settlement in what became the U.S.

The excitement of that discovery encouraged me to keep digging. After doing additional research in Spain, I followed the trail of the Mose villagers to Cuba, where they had emigrated when Great Britain acquired Florida. I found many of them in 18th-century church records in Havana, Matanzas, Regla, Guanabacoa and San Miguel del Padrón.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/12/2019
Meet Krampus, the Christmas Devil Who Punishes Naughty Children
December 05, 2018, by Becky Little
Every year in early December, children in Austria get ready for St. Nicholas to visit them. If they’ve been good, he’ll reward them with presents and treats. But if they’ve been bad, they’ll get a lot more than a lump of coal—they’ll have to face Krampus.

Who’s Krampus, you ask? He’s the half-man, half-goat who comes around every year to chase naughty children and maybe even drag them to hell. European versions of St. Nicholas have long had scary counterparts like Belsnickle and Knecht Ruprecht who dole out punishment. Krampus is one such character who comes from folklore in Austria’s Alpine region, where he’s been frightening children and amusing adults for hundreds of years.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/11/2019
400 years later, natives who helped Pilgrims gain a voice
November 20, 2018, The Associated Press by William J. Kole
The seaside town where the Pilgrims came ashore in 1620 is gearing up for a 400th birthday bash, and everyone’s invited — especially the native people whose ancestors wound up losing their land and lives.

Plymouth, Massachusetts, whose European settlers have come to symbolize American liberty and grit, marks its quadricentennial in 2020 with a trans-Atlantic commemoration that will put Native Americans’ unvarnished side of the story on full display.

posted on Colonial Sense: 06/10/2019
500-year-old skeleton still wearing thigh-high boots found in London river
December 04, 2018, CNN by Rob Picheta
A pair of durable boots is a must-have in anyone's winter wardrobe -- and a team of archaeologists has found a timeless pair in a very unlikely place.

The skeleton of a man, dating back around 500 years, has been discovered face down in the mud under London's River Thames, with his thigh-high leather footwear remaining virtually intact.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 577Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,171 | Pix: 5,097 (45.63%) | Countries: 10,395 (93.05%) | Dates: 3,614 (32.35%) | Bio: 9,998 (89.50%) | TLs: 1,398 (12.51%)/3,727 (48.26%) | Links: 16,312 (146.02%) | Gallery: 55 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,745 (15.62%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 128 | Pix: 2 (1.56%) | Countries: 128 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 85 (66.41%) | TLs: 2 (1.56%)/9 | Links: 104 (81.25%) | Gallery: 104 (81.25%) | Notes: 104 (81.25%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,927Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,369 (82.47%)   With Links: 4,385 (56.78%)   Total Links: 5,521
Colonial Quotes: 2,904Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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