It will not be denied that power is of an encroaching nature and that it ought to be effectually restrained from passing the limits assigned to it. After discriminating, therefore, in theory, the several classes of power, as they may in their nature be legislative, executive, or judiciary, the next and most difficult task is to provide some practical security for each, against the invasion of the others.
-- James Madison Federalist No. 48, February 1, 1788
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25 Calendar Events added/edited 2 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
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2 Broadsheets added 8 Timeline and/or Link entries added/edited
Georgia passes first U.S. state birth registration law
South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws
HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin approaches New Zealand
U.S. recognizes independence of Hawaii
Allen Wilson of Connecticut patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
Grading started for Market Street RR
Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/15/2014 10 Things You May Not Know About Charles Darwin December 12, 2014, History.com by Christopher Klein February 12 is Darwin Day, a global celebration of science and reason held on the anniversary of Charles Darwin’s birth in 1809. To commemorate Darwin Day, check out 10 things you may not know about the famed evolutionary biologist.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/15/2014 Scientists reveal parchment's hidden stories (w/ Video) December 08, 2014, PhysOrg by Staff Millions of documents stored in archives could provide scientists with the key to tracing agricultural development across the centuries, according to new research completed at Trinity College Dublin and the University of York.
...Researchers used these state-of-the-art scientific techniques to extract ancient DNA and protein from tiny samples of parchment from documents from the late 17th and late 18th centuries. The resulting information enabled them to establish the type of animals from which the parchment was made, which, when compared to genomes of their modern equivalents, provides key information as to how agricultural expansion shaped the genetic diversity of these animals.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/14/2014 Time Capsule Removed From Massachusetts Statehouse December 11, 2014, The Associated Press by Rodrique Ngowi Crews removed a time capsule dating back to 1795 on Thursday from the granite cornerstone of the Massachusetts Statehouse, where historians believe it was originally placed by Revolutionary War luminaries Samuel Adams and Paul Revere among others.
The small time capsule is believed to contain items such as old coins, documents, newspapers and a metal plate that was owned by Revere. Secretary of State William Galvin speculated that some of the items could have deteriorated over time.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/14/2014 Aztec manuscript under the microscope November 28, 2014, The Guardian (UK) by Vahé Ter Minassian It was May 1826 and France was celebrating the first anniversary of the coronation of Charles X. French troops had occupied Spain; Mexico had gained its independence and Latin America was in turmoil. But, sitting in his office in the library of the National Assembly, deputy-curator Pierre-Paul Druon was feeling pleased. For the past 30 years this former Benedictine monk had laboured to track down rare works and add them to the 12,000 items inherited from the French Revolution and now entrusted to parliament. Never before had he had the opportunity to acquire such a treasure, even if the source of the Nahuatl manuscript he purchased for 1,300 gold francs at auction was unknown and two of its pages were missing. He was, nevertheless, convinced of its worth.
The document, in its present state, is 14 metres long, comprising 36 fan-folded sheets, each 39 sq cm. It details the cycles of two calendars, one divinatory, the other solar, used by the Aztecs before the Spanish conquest led by Hernán Cortés in 1519. It represents several hundred brightly coloured figures and creatures, each of particular significance.
Hong Kong-based historian and novelist from Italy, Angelo Paratico, told the South China Morning Post on Wednesday that "on the back of Mona Lisa, there is a Chinese landscape and even her face looks Chinese".
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/11/2014 US cathedral may become museum to the slave trade November 27, 2014, The Associated Press by Michelle R. Smith A plan to open what would be the nation's only museum centered on the trans-Atlantic slave trade would focus on the Episcopal Church's role in its history and the sometimes-buried legacy of slavery in northern states like Rhode Island.
The museum at the shuttered Cathedral of St. John, a church where slaves once worshipped, would explore how the church benefited from the trade and helped bring it to an end, said Bishop Nicholas Knisely of the Diocese of Rhode Island.
A new exhibition that opened Friday in Plymouth, Massachusetts, highlights this other slave history. It’s an integral part of the town’s preparations for the 400th anniversary of the Pilgrims' arrival in 1620, and it focuses on the story of one man in particular: Squanto.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/07/2014 South Korean buys Napoleon's hat for 1.9m euros November 16, 2014, BBC (GB) by Staff A South Korean collector has paid 1.9m euros ($2.4m; £1.5m) at auction for a hat worn by French Emperor Napoleon.
The two-pointed hat, a style widely worn by military officers at the time, was apparently donned by Napoleon during the Battle of Marengo in 1800.
It was later offered as a gift to Napoleon's veterinarian.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/06/2014 155 Years Later, Darwin's Manuscripts Are Going Digital November 26, 2014, Popular Science by Alissa Zhu Charles Darwin may be a household name now, but we haven’t always had the theory of natural selection. On November 24, 1859, he published On the Origin of Species as a culmination of nearly three decades of research after his journey on the H.M.S. Beagle. Happy 155th anniversary of On the Origin of Species!
Now it’s easier than ever to understand Darwin’s original thoughts on evolution with digital archives made public by the Darwin Manuscripts Project. The project, founded in 2003, is a collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History, Cambridge University Library, and other organizations to digitally archive all of Darwin’s works.
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/06/2014 Shakespeare Folio Discovered in France November 25, 2014, The New York Times by Jennifer Schuessler First folios of Shakespeare’s plays are among the world’s rarest books, intensely scrutinized by scholars for what their sometimes-minute variations — each copy is different — reveal about the playwright’s intentions.
Now a previously unknown folio has surfaced at a small library in northern France, bringing the world’s known total of surviving first folios to 233.