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Christmas and Candlelight (AR)
Hamilton and Burr: Who Wrote Their Stories? (DE)
Holidays at the Amstel and Dutch Houses (DE)
Yuletide at Winterthur (DE)
Scott Antique Markets (GA)
Discovery - Interiors Online (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
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Christmas in St. Michaels (MD)
Madrigal Dinners (MD)
Holiday Nights in Greenfield Village (MI)
Christmas Candlelight (MO)
Appalachian Christmas Carol (NC)
Christmas by Candlelight (NC)
Christmas Groaning Board at the James Iredell House at Historic Edenton (NC)
End of Year Homeschool Day (NC)
Festival of Trees (NH)
All The Creatures Were Stirring, Even The Mouse! Thomas Nast’s Furry Christmas (NJ)
Yuletide in the Country Tours & Buffet (NY)
12th Annual Memories of Christmas Past (OH)
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A Longwood Christmas (PA)
2019 Heritage Holidays Tours at Baker Mansion (PA)
31st Annual Mifflinburg Christkindl Market (PA)
Annual Pre-Christmas Auction 2019 (PA)
Christkindlmarkt & Tavern Lunch (PA)
Christkindlmarkt & Tavern Lunch (PA)
Christmas at Fort Hunter (PA)
Christmas Folk Art Show (PA)
Christmas Market (PA)
East Hills Moravian Church Christmas Putz (PA)
Forging A Link: Metalsmiths Respond To The Mercer Collection (PA)
Holiday at Landis Valley Bonfire (PA)
Holiday House Tours – Before Christmas (PA)
Home School Children’s Christmas Tours (PA)
Online Only Decorative Arts Auction (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Twelfth Night Tours (PA)
Winter Wonderland Tours (PA)
Christmas at the Newport Mansions (RI)
GRAND ILLUMINATION + DINNER (SC)
Castle Christmas (VA)
Centuries of Christmas at Berkeley Plantation (VA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
Holiday Candlelight Tour - Poplar Forest (VA)
Holiday Candlelight Tours (VA)
Holiday Evening Tours (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)
Washington and Marshall: Federalist Forged in Battle Exhibit (VA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Cornelia Schlosser
the sister and only sibling of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe who survived to adulthood. he took great interest in her brother's literary accomplishments and was often the first to know about his plans, drafts, and revisions. Letters from this time that she wrote to her friend Katharina Fabricius in French have been preserved. In her leisure time, she pursued literary interests, which she discussed with her brother.

Word of the Day [More]

Gabelle
A tax. Used in the 15th and 16th centuries as gabel, gable; related to gavel, q.v. The word was then forgotten; revived as a foreign word (French gabelle), referring to Italy and France; especially, the tax on salt in France before the French Revolution. Charles Dickens, in A TALE OF TWO CITIES (1859) calls the farmer-general (tax collector) M. Gabelle.

Daily Trivia [More]

(1619-1701)
Early Colonies
The first highway legislation in America was passed in 1632. Where did this happen?
  1. Massachusetts

  2. New Amsterdam

  3. Rhode Island

  4. Virginia


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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
What rights are those that dare not resist for them?
— Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Latest Activity

Today1 Census Person added/edited
12/12/191 Census Person added/edited
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1 Fortification added/edited
12/10/191 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
November, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results12/06/19
October, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Minutes of Mr. Hamburgh's Journal
Regional History: Journals09/26/19
August, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results09/09/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/19
New England Weather: 1851 Tornado
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/21/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- December 13th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events

Events

 •  1545-Pope Paul III opens the Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council)
 •  1570-Sweden and Denmark sign Treaty of Stettin
 •  1572-Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet under Admiral Lumey 
 •  1577-Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world
 •  1621-Emperor Ferdinand II delegates first anti-Reformation decree 
  -First export of American furs
 •  1642-New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman
 •  1668-Jean Racine's Britannicus premieres in Paris
 •  1734-England and Russia sign trade agreement 
 •  1742- William IV of Orange tests his mother's potatoes 
 •  1759-First music store in America opens in Philadelphia by Michael Hillegas, who later becomes the first Treasurer of the United States
 •  1769-Dartmouth College in New Hampshire receives its charter
 •  1776-General Charles Lee leaves his troops for Widow White’s tavern
 •  1798-Joseph R. Walker, great trailblazing mountain men and first Anglo-American to see Yosemite, is born in Tennessee
 •  1809-First surgical removal of an ovarian tumor by Dr. Ephraim McDowell, earning him the title “Father of Ovariotomy”
 •  1816-Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
 •  1823-Gioachino Rossini arrives in London 
 •  1824-Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) is completed
 •  1843-A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold

Births

 •  1521-   Sixtus V -- Clergy
 •  1553-   Henry IV -- Governance
 •  1585-  William Drummond -- Writers
 •  1616-  Edward Chamberlayne -- Writers
 •  1744-  Anne Louise Brillon de Jouy -- Composers
 •  1767-  August Eberhard Muller -- Composers
 •  1780-  Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner -- InventorsScientists
 •  1787-   Melesville -- Writers
 •  1797-  Heinrich Heine -- Writers
 •  1798-  Joseph R. Walker -- Explorers
 •  1810-  Clark Mills -- Sculptors
 •  1816-  Werner von Siemens -- Inventors

Deaths

 •  1516-  Johannes Trithemius -- ClergyWriters
 •  1631-  Robert Bolton -- ClergyWriters
 •  1650-  Phineas Fletcher -- Writers
 •  1693-  Willem van de Velde the Elder -- Artists
 •  1716-  Charles de la Fosse -- Artists
 •  1721-  Alexander Selkirk -- Pirates
 •  1754-   Mahmud I -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1769-  Christian Furchtegott Gellert -- Writers
 •  1784-  Samuel Johnson -- Writers
 •  1812-  Marianna von Martines -- ComposersPerformers
 •  1858-  Edward Pollock -- Writers
 •  1859-  Charles Reed -- Architects

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/10/2019
Mona Lisa should be 'taken down,' New York Times art critic writes, sparking mockery
November 06, 2019, Fox News by Joseph A. Wulfsohn
An art critic for The New York Times argued on Wednesday that "it's time to take down" the iconic Mona Lisa portrait from the Louvre Museum in Paris, which sparked quite the reaction on social media.

Jason Farago began by explaining the layout of the exhibit housing Leonardo da Vinci's work, but called the location of his most famous painting a "fiasco."

"The Louvre houses the greatest collection of art anywhere in Europe, within a palace that is a masterpiece in its own right," Farago explained. "Yet the Louvre is being held hostage by the Kim Kardashian of 16th-century Italian portraiture: the handsome but only moderately interesting Lisa Gherardini, better known (after her husband) as La Gioconda, whose renown so eclipses her importance that no one can even remember how she got famous in the first place."

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/08/2019
That Surprisingly Recent Time British Husbands Sold Their Wives At Market
June 30, 2019, Today I Found Out by Daven Hiskey
While getting divorced in modern times in most nations isn’t exactly a walk in the park, options at least do exist in much of the world, even in cases where one spouse would rather stay together. But this is a relatively modern phenomenon. Classically, getting divorced was almost impossible. So much so that at one point about the only way a woman could manage to get a legal divorce from her husband was to prove in court he couldn’t finish the deed in bed by, if necessary, even attempting to have sex with him with court representatives standing by to observe. (For more on this fascinating and rather hilarious method of divorce, check our our article That Time Women Could Divorce Their Husbands By Having Intercourse in Court.)

Perhaps not coincidentally around the same time these impotence trials were going on throughout parts of Europe, a rather different means of divorcing one’s spouse popped up in Britain- putting a halter around your wife, leading her like an animal to a local market, loudly extolling her virtues as you would a farm animal, including occasionally listing her weight, and then opening up bidding for anyone who wanted to buy her. On top of this, it wasn’t uncommon for children to be thrown in as a package deal…

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/06/2019
Elizabeth I unmasked as author of mysterious manuscript
November 29, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A researcher in the U.K. has uncovered a mysterious 16th-century manuscript written by Queen Elizabeth I — the first discovery of its type in more than a century.

The manuscript, which is in the Lambeth Palace Library in London, was discovered by John-Mark Philo Ph.D., an honorary fellow in English studies at the U.K.’s University of East Anglia. Philo made the amazing find in January 2019, when he was searching for manuscript translations of the Roman historian Tacitus.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/04/2019
St. Patrick’s Battalion
November 15, 2010, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
When Americans think of traitors, Benedict Arnold springs to mind. But seventy years later, a much larger group of soldiers defected to the enemy. Meet Saint Patrick’s Battalion.

In 1835, Texas was still part of Mexico. That year, it seceded, forming the Republic of Texas, which includes all of the modern-day state of Texas and parts of five other western states. While the United States recognized the new country, Mexico did not; war broke out between Texas and Mexico. Texas prevailed, but Mexico was not yet through. Plans of reconquering Texas were still bubbling up, and in 1845, Texas accepted the United States’ offer to annex the Republic and make it a state. Mexico ended diplomatic relations with the U.S. over the act, and a year later, war broke out between these two North American nations.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/02/2019
The Secret Battle Over Mona Lisa’s Prettier ‘Twin’
October 25, 2019, The Daily Beast by Barbie Latza Nadeau
When the long-awaited Leonardo da Vinci exhibition celebrating the Italian master’s life opened in the Louvre in Paris this week, two paintings were noticeably missing from the exhibit hall—and they are both of the same woman.

Despite being one of Leonardo’s most famous works, the Louvre decided not to relocate the “Mona Lisa” from her recently renovated viewing room to the exhibit space created to mark the 500th anniversary of the artist’s death. Visitors will instead have to traipse across a hall through the selfie-taking crowds to see her where she normally hangs.

The second painting that Leonardo aficionados will miss is what many believe is an earlier version of the “Mona Lisa,” which shows a much younger—and dare we say—prettier version of Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, who commissioned the work in the early 1500s.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/30/2019
What George Washington was thankful for might shock you
November 28, 2019, Fox News by Lathan Watts
In October 1789, long before Americans made it a national holiday, President George Washington issued a proclamation calling for a National Day of Thanksgiving.

In recent years I have expanded my practice of reading this proclamation personally to include reading it aloud to my family before we say grace and sit down to our Thanksgiving meal.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/28/2019
‘I Was Teaching a Lot of Misconceptions.’ The Way American Kids Are Learning About the 'First Thanksgiving' Is Changing
November 21, 2019, Time Magazine by Olivia B. Waxman
On a recent Saturday morning in Washington, D.C., about two dozen secondary-and-elementary-school teachers experienced a role reversal. This time, it was their turn to take a quiz: answer “true” or “false” for 14 statements about the famous meal known as the “First Thanksgiving.”

Did the people many of us know as pilgrims call themselves Separatists? Did the famous meal last three days? True and true, they shouted loudly in unison. Were the pilgrims originally heading for New Jersey? False.

But some of the other statements drew long pauses, or the soft murmurs of people nervous about saying the wrong thing in front of a group. Renée Gokey, Teacher Services Coordinator at the National Museum of the American Indian and a member of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, waited patiently for them to respond.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/26/2019
Revolutionary War British shipwreck from the siege of Yorktown discovered
June 28, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
The wreck of what appears to be a British ship destroyed during the siege of Yorktown in 1781 has been discovered in Virginia.

Experts from JRS Explorations spotted the wreck, which is believed to be the armed transport ship ‘Shipwright,’ in the York River last week.

The siege of Yorktown was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War and saw British forces commanded by Lord Charles Cornwallis trapped by Continental Army troops commanded by George Washington and French units under the command of the Comte de Rochambeau. The beleaguered British defenders surrendered on Oct. 19, 1781.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/24/2019
The Madness of King Donald? Thomas Jefferson Called It.
November 23, 2019, The Daily Beast by Clive Irving
“Future ages will scarcely believe that one man adventured… to lay a foundation so broad and so undisguised for tyranny over a people fostered and fixed in principles of freedom.”

Or, put it another way, future ages won’t find it easy to understand how the hell a system specifically designed to eject the tyranny of kings has now allowed one into the White House. This week’s events have made it clearer than ever that President Trump has become King George III—without the taxes.

To rub home the irony, my opening quotation is from Thomas Jefferson’s draft of the Declaration of Independence, the definitive rejection of the rule of the British despot.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/22/2019
‘Witch hunt' launched in Scotland as officials seek remains of 'witch' who died 315 years ago
September 03, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
Officials in Scotland want to locate the remains of a woman accused of witchcraft who died in prison 315 years ago.

Lilias Adie, a woman from the village of Torryburn in Eastern Scotland, died in prison in 1704. Adie, who is believed to have been in her 60s at the time of her death, had “confessed” to being a witch and having sex with the devil, according to researchers.

On Aug. 31, which marked the 315th anniversary of her death, local government officials from Fife Council in Scotland placed a wreath at her burial site and launched a campaign to find her remains.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 215Online Resources Links: 615Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,399 | Pix: 5,232 (45.90%) | Countries: 10,606 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,724 (32.67%) | Bio: 10,191 (89.40%) | TLs: 1,409 (12.36%)/3,735 (48.37%) | Links: 16,954 (148.73%) | Gallery: 86 (0.75%) | Notes: 1,783 (15.64%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,069Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,722    Tagged: 6,379 (82.61%)   With Links: 4,424 (57.29%)   Total Links: 5,570
Colonial Quotes: 3,020Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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