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Redwood Country Flea Market (CT)
Thomas Chippendale at 300: Treasures from the Collection (DE)
Naples Art, Antique and Jewelry Show (FL)
18th Annual Madison Antiques Show and Sale (GA)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Coins and Currency Online (MA)
Discovery Interiors Online - Skinner Auctions (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Into the Woods: Crafting Early American Furniture (MA)
The Many Faces of George Washington (MD)
“Pop In” for Discovery Days (NH)
Fine and Decorative Art: Live Discovery Auction - Cowan's Auction (OH)
Hamilton was Here: Rising Up in Revolutionary Philadelphia (PA)
71st Colonial Williamsburg Antiques Forum (VA)
George Washington's 287th Birthday (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)

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Johann Christian Fiedler
a portrait painter born in Pirna. He studied in Paris under Rigaud and Largillière. As court-painter at Darmstadt, he executed the portraits of a number of distinguished personages. Among his productions in the Gallery of that town are The Burial of Christ, The Seasons, some portraits, among which is the artist himself, and some fruit and fish pieces. He died in Darmstadt.

Word of the Day [More]

A beloved, darling, favorite; a favorite child, servant or animal; a royal favorite. William Shakespeare, in HENRY IV, PART ONE (1596) : A sonne . . . Who is sweet Fortune's minion, and her pride. In each of these senses the tone deteriorated, so that minion came to mean a mistress; a spoiled pet; one raised beyond desert by favor. The word was also used figuratively, as when John Day in PEREGRINATIO SCHOLASTICA (1640) smiled upon Violets, roses, and lillies, and like mineons and darlings of the spring. The word may be related to Old High German minnja, minna, love (as in the Minnesinger) or to Celtic min, small. Among its orthographic forms are minyon, mynion, mignyon, minnion. Minion was also an adjective, dainty, elegant; and a verb, to treat as a minion, to caress. Also minionize (1) to play the wanton, (2) to raise to the position of a favorite, to minionship. It is no wonder, exclaimed Bryce in THE AMERICAN COMMONWEALTH (1888), if he helps himself from the city treasury and allows his minions to do so. [Note that minion is also the Hebrew word for a quorum for prayer: ten males over 13 years old. Thus you can guess what happened when Principal Edward Kelly, in an elementary school in a Jewish neighborhood, rang his bell and with pedantic humor said to the responding monitor, Abraham Cohen: "Boy, fetch me a minion!"]

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Early Republic
What battle in the War of 1812 was planned by Sir George Prevost, and failed?
  1. Battle of Plattsburgh

  2. Battle of Detroit

  3. Battle of New Orleans

  4. Battle of Lake Erie

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
That's what troubles me: I should like to suffer more for the expiation of my sins.
—  Louis XIV

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An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals02/14/19
January, 2019
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December, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/19
New England Weather: 1839 Storms
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times12/30/18
German Christmas
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The White Pine Series: New Hampshire
Architecture: Houses12/17/18
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Architecture: Houses12/17/18
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses12/17/18
November, 2018
Antiques: Auction Results12/05/18

This Day in Early Modern History -- February 22nd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1495-French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown 
 •  1561- William the Silent appointed viceroy of Burgundy/Charolais 
 •  1630-Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn, at Thanksgiving [seems to be a myth, and if not, probably not in Feb. -ed] 
 •  1635-Académie Française forms in Paris (by Cardinal Richelieu)
 •  1656-New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site 
 •  1732-George Washington is born in Virginia
 •  1744-Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Admiral Thomas Mathews)
 •  1746-French troops conquer Brussels 
  -Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen 
 •  1774-English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright 
 •  1775-First U.S. joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents 
  -Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland 
 •  1777-Georgia's first Provisional Governor Archibald Bulloch dies under mysterious circumstances
 •  1784-First U.S. ship to trade with China, Empress of China, sails from New York
 •  1819-As part of the Adams-Onis Treaty that occurred during James Monroe's presidency, Spain cedes Florida and all colonies east of the Mississippi to the United States for five million dollars
 •  1825-Russia and Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary 
 •  1835-HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Valdivia, Chile 
 •  1836-Dutch garrison evacuates Fort Du Bus in New Guinea after a severe maleria outbreak 
 •  1847-Battle of Buena Vista begins
 •  1854-First meeting of Republican Party in Michigan 
 •  1856-First national meeting of Republican Party in Pittsburgh 
 •  1857-Heinrich Rudolf Hertz is born
 •  1858-Dion Boucicault's Jessie Brown premieres in New York City


 •  1645-  Johann Christoph Bach -- Composers
 •  1777-  William Ayrton -- Writers
 •  1778-  Rembrandt Peale -- Artists
 •  1788-  Arthur Schopenhauer -- Writers
 •  1796-  Adolphe Quetelet -- AstronomersWritersInventors
 •  1801-  William Barnes -- ClergyWriters
 •  1812-  John B. Weller -- Governance
 •  1819-  James Russell Lowell -- Writers
 •  1820-  William Francis Channing -- PhysiciansInventorsScientists
 •  1821-  Ludmilla Assing -- Writers


 •  1512-  Amerigo Vespucci -- ExplorersCartographers
 •  1627-  Olivier van Noort -- Pirates
 •  1674-  Jean Chapelain -- Writers
  -  John Wilson -- Composers
 •  1690-  Charles Le Brun -- Artists
 •  1746-  Guillaume Coustou the Elder -- Sculptors
 •  1777-  Archibald Bulloch -- MilitaryGovernanceLegal
 •  1785-  Thomas Gibbons -- ClergyWriters
 •  1810-  Charles Brockden Brown -- Writers
 •  1827-  Charles Willson Peale -- Artists
 •  1832-  Charlotta Cederstrom -- ArtistsComposersWriters
  -  Catharine Stolberg -- Writers
 •  1845-  Sydney Smith -- ClergyWriters

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 04/05/2018
The Lessons of a School Shooting -- in 1853
March 24, 2018, Politico Magazine by Saul Cornell
This weekend, thousands of people are expected to gather in cities and towns across America for the “March for Our Lives,” a national response to the horrifying school shooting in Parkland, Florida. Will it change policy? Skeptics doubt it, having watched time and again how previous shootings vanish from the headlines with no change to our national debate over guns. But there’s actually precedent, deep in American history, for school shootings to shift the gun debate.

Though little remembered now, the first high-profile school shooting in the U.S. was more than 150 years ago, in Louisville, Kentucky. The 1853 murder of William Butler by Matthews F. Ward was a news sensation, prompting national outrage over the slave South’s libertarian gun rights vision and its deadly consequences. At a time when there wasn’t yet a national media, this case prompted a legal conversation that might be worth resurrecting today.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/04/2018
The Island that Disappeared
March 20, 2018, LongReads by Tom Feiling
...On the back wall was a large, brightly colored map of the world. I found plenty of the world’s other tiny islands: Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia, and even Pitcairn, which has a population of just 50. But Providence wasn’t marked, and neither was San Andres. Perhaps it was because their distant relatives have the initials ‘U.K.’ in brackets after their names, whereas the inhabitants of el archepiélago de Providencia, San Andrés y Santa Catalina lost touch with their progenitor state long ago. Providence is a fragment chipped off an empire that no longer exists. Even if the chip were restored to the block from which it fell, it would no longer match, for its contours have been worn smooth by the passage of time. But perhaps ‘fragment’ is a misnomer. Empires are not as clearly delineated as the solid blocks of color on the old maps suggest. Alive, they are dynamic, porous, and hybrid creations, but even once dead, the colors continue to bleed. The British might have forgotten about Providence, but for the islanders, England remained as real, and as unattainable, as an absent father.

It was strange to think that the hopes of a generation of British empire builders had once rested on Providence. Those who sailed on the Seaflower in 1631 believed that their Puritan colony would in time eclipse the one that had been built by the passengers of the Mayflower ten years before. But New Westminster was abandoned just eleven years after the foundation stone of the governor’s house was put in place, while New Plymouth went on to become a beacon of righteous autonomy for the generations that succeeded the Pilgrim fathers. Cold, barren New England had trumped balmy, verdant Providence. Wasn’t that what all those tins, packets, and cartons from the United States were trying to tell me?

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/03/2018
Were the Irish Slaves in America, Too?
March 17, 2018, Snopes by David Emery
Claim: Early in America's history, white Irish slaves outnumbered black slaves and endured worse treatment at the hands of their masters.

Rating: Mixture

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/02/2018
Worried About Political Partisanship?
March 04, 2018, History News Network by Gordon S. Wood
During the first decade of our nation’s history the two presidential electoral contests of 1796 and 1800 were as clearly and coherently expressive of conservatism and liberalism as any elections in our history. The conservative and liberal parties, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, were led by two distinguished patriots, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, and the partisan campaigns waged by their parties were as bitter and scurrilous as any in our history.

Adams and Jefferson had once been close friends. In 1775 they met in the Continental Congress and found that they were alike in their enthusiasm for declaring independence from Great Britain. In the 1780s the two patriots were thrown together as ministers abroad where they and their families further cemented the bonds of friendship. When they returned to the States they ended up, following George Washington’s two terms as president, as the presidential candidates of the two emerging political parties.

posted on Colonial Sense: 04/01/2018
Easter Bunny, like the Belsnickle, owes its American roots to the Pennsylvania Dutch
March 30, 2018, LancasterOnline by Tom Knapp
The Easter Bunny has something in common with the Belsnickle.

Both are Pennsylvania Dutch traditions.

Many Easter traditions — including the symbolic egg and hare — predate Christianity. The notion of an egg-laying rabbit can be traced to Germany, and it came to America with the Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants who settled in and around Lancaster County.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/13/2018
Tree believed to be planted by George Washington 227 years ago is knocked down by nor'easter
March 04, 2018, Fox News by Nicole Darrah
A tree at George Washington’s Mount Vernon – said to be planted by the first president himself – was knocked down Friday by the powerful nor'easter that struck the U.S.

“Today at Mount Vernon, strong winds brought down a 227-year-old Canadian Hemlock, as well as a Virginia Cedar that stood watch over Washington’s tomb for many years,” the historical landmark posted on Facebook.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/12/2018
Wyld's Great Globe
March 02, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
The famous British cartographer and former Member of Parliament, James Wyld, had a brilliant plan to promote his mapmaking business. The Great Exhibition was slated for 1851, at Hyde Park in London, and would be visited by prominent industrialists, scientist, and artists from around the world, as well as members of the Royal family. Wyld figured if he could create a huge model of the earth with an accurate depiction of earth’s geography, for the exhibition, it could further his chances of scoring new business deals and increasing sales.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/11/2018
Archaeologist uncovers hidden history of conquistadors in American South
February 28, 2018, by Tulane University
Chris Rodning, the Paul and Debra Gibbons Professor in the Tulane School of Liberal Arts' Department of Anthropology, unravels early entanglements between Native Americans and European explorers, revealing how their interactions shaped the history of the American South.

"Native Americans' responses to Spanish explorers and colonists form an important part of the story behind the history of European colonialism in North America," said Rodning, who conducts archaeological research at Fort San Juan—the earliest known permanent European settlement in the interior United States, located near Morganton, North Carolina.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/10/2018
A golden age in the Americas when even artists were 'spoils of war'
February 26, 2018, The Art Newspaper by Victoria Stapley-Brown
“The Inca… acquired innumerable riches of gold and silver and other valuable things, such as precious stones and red shells, which these natives then esteemed more than silver or gold.” This quote, from the Spanish cartographer Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa’s 1572 history of the indigenous American civilisation, opens the exhibition Golden Kingdoms: Luxury and Legacy in the Ancient Americas, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It introduces a view of materials that baffled gold-greedy conquistadors—and will challenge visitors’ ideas of what has “inherent or universal value”, says the show’s lead curator, Joanne Pillsbury.

posted on Colonial Sense: 03/09/2018
The Delicate Art of Cobweb Paintings
February 24, 2018, Amusing Planet by Kaushik
Who could have thought that the delicate, fine, silky threads of a spider’s cobweb could be woven into a canvas strong enough to withstand the abrasive strokes of an artist’s brush? But the hundred or so paintings that survive today in museums and in the hands of private collectors bear testimony to this incredibly ingenious, painstaking and time-consuming craft that the Austrian monks of the Tyrolean Alps practiced in the 16th century.

Cobweb painting, sometimes also called gossamer painting, are made on fabrics made of spider cobwebs or caterpillars' silk. The cobwebs are collected from the wild, and great care is taken to remove twigs, insect parts, spider droppings etc. that become trapped and entangled in the web. After carefully cleaning the webs, they are stretched over a cardboard to form a thin canvas. Over this canvas a coat of diluted milk is applied to add strength. The canvas is now ready to paint, but it is still extremely fragile. Even a gentle poke of a finger can completely destroy a cobweb painting.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 328Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,100 | Pix: 5,048 (45.48%) | Countries: 10,326 (93.03%) | Dates: 3,499 (31.52%) | Bio: 9,940 (89.55%) | TLs: 1,384 (12.47%)/3,716 (48.09%) | Links: 15,734 (141.75%) | Gallery: 53 (0.48%) | Notes: 1,739 (15.67%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 118 | Pix: 2 (1.69%) | Countries: 118 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 81 (68.64%) | TLs: 2 (1.69%)/9 | Links: 100 (84.75%) | Gallery: 100 (84.75%) | Notes: 100 (84.75%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,846Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,727    Tagged: 6,356 (82.26%)   With Links: 4,338 (56.14%)   Total Links: 5,403
Colonial Quotes: 2,879Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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