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Antiques & Fine Furnishings, Paintings, Prints, Silver, Jewelry, Coins, Asian, Porcelain, Nautical, Steinway Grand Auction (CT)
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Adam Pynacker
a Dutch Golden Age painter, mostly of landscapes. He travelled to Italy and was gone for three years. In 1658 he converted to Catholicism in order to marry Eva Maria de Geest, Wybrand de Geest's daughter. Pynacker is considered an example of an Italianate landscape painter, along with Jan Both, Jan Baptist Weenix, Nicolaes Berchem and Jan Asselyn. He specialized in decorating whole rooms. According to Houbraken, he would turn in his grave if he knew how the fashions had changed, but fortunately the poet P. Verhoek wrote a poem about one of his decorated rooms.

Word of the Day [More]

To graft in; an early form of engraft. Used since the 15th century. Also ingraff. Used by Swinburne (ATALANTA IN CALYDON; 1864) meaning to beget. William Shakespeare used it in the passive voice, meaning to be closely attached: HENRY IV, PART TWO (1597) : You have beene so lewde, and so much ingraffed to Falstaff.

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Queen Anne's War
8) When is the town of Alburquerque, named for the viceroy of New Spain, the Duke of Alburquerque, founded?
  1. 1708

  2. 1712

  3. 1710

  4. 1706

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
O! what a Godlike Power is that of doing Good! — I envy the Rich and the Great for nothing else!
— Samuel Richardson
Pamela, 1740

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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

June, 2021
Antiques: Auction Results07/29/21
In the Olden Days: The New Jersey Signers
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Antiques: Auction Results05/25/21
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An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals02/23/21
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Antiques: Auction Results02/04/21
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Antiques: Auction Results01/05/21
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Antiques: Auction Results12/12/20

This Day in Early Modern History -- August 2nd

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1542-French troops leave Flanders 
 •  1552-Peace of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion
 •  1578-Battle of Rijmenam: Dutch defeat Spanish
 •  1581-Leiden University names Snellius math professor 
 •  1610-Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay 
 •  1665-French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis/Algiers 
 •  1718-Austria joins Triple Alliance 
 •  1738-France offers emperor Charles VI mediation in war against Turkey 
 •  1745-Charles Edward Stuart (aka Bonnie Prince Charlie) lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
 •  1776-Delegates sign Declaration of Independence
 •  1786-Utrechtse Vroedschap (city council) flees and an elected Burgher College is installed as the new city council
 •  1790-The first U.S. Census begins, The count — “excluding Indians not taxed” — numbered some 3,929,326 people (later revised to 3,929,214 by some counts), with nearly 700,000 slaves
 •  1791-Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine 
 •  1802-Napoleon Bonaparte declared "Counsel for Life"
 •  1819-First parachute jump in U.S.
 •  1831-Ten Days' Campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium 
 •  1832-1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac and Fox indians, end Black Hawk War 
  -Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisconsin 
 •  1858-First mailboxes installed in Boston and New York City streets 
  -Government of India transferred from East India Company to Crown 


 •  1630-  Estephan El Douaihy -- ClergyWriters
 •  1696-  Mahmud I -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1739-  Timothy Bigelow -- Military
 •  1754-  Pierre Charles L'Enfant -- MilitaryArchitects
 •  1775-  Jose Angel Lamas -- Composers
 •  1804-  Countess Dash -- Writers
 •  1826-  Frederick Field -- WritersScientists
  -  Thomas Alexander Tefft -- Architects
 •  1834-  Frederic Auguste Bartholdi -- Sculptors


 •  1511-  Andrew Barton -- Pirates
 •  1589-  Henry III -- Governance
 •  1620-  Carolus Luython -- Composers
 •  1644-  Bernardo Strozzi -- Artists
 •  1667-  Francesco Borromini -- Architects
 •  1672-  Amable de Bourzeys -- Writers
 •  1685-  Francisco Rizi -- Artists
 •  1730-  Matthias Steuchius -- Clergy
 •  1739-  Charles-Hyacinthe Hugo -- ClergyWriters
 •  1794-  Richard Burke Jr. -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1799-  Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier -- Inventors
 •  1811-  William Williams [3] -- ClergyGovernanceCommerce
 •  1815-  Francis Webb -- ClergyWriters
 •  1820-  Maria Carolina Wolf -- ComposersPerformers
 •  1844-  Pieter Merkus -- Governance
 •  1849-  Muhammad Ali -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1859-  Horace Mann -- GovernanceEducators

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 12/25/2020
Krampus – The Half-Goat, Half-Demon Devil of Christmas
December 04, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Around Christmastime, many European countries are celebrating Saint Nicholas Day, usually observed on the 6th December for the feast day of Nicholas of Myra.

Saint Nicolas had many miracles attributed to his intercession, but is also known for his generous practice of gift-giving that gave rise to the traditional model of Santa Claus (“Saint Nick”) through Sinterklaas.

Whilst Saint Nicolas rewards the well-behaved with gifts, children who misbehaved are visited by Krampus (sometimes with Saint Nicolas), a horned, anthropomorphic figure described as a “half-goat, half-demon” on Krampus Night or Krampusnacht (December 5th).

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/24/2020
The Forgotten History of Jingle Bells
November 21, 2017, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
The first episode of the Simpsons — Season 1, Episode 1 — debuted on December 17, 1989. Homer and Marge (with Maggie in tow) make their way to Springfield Elementary School for Lisa and Bart’s Christmas concert. Bart’s grade is singing a Christmas melody featuring the iconic song “Jingle Bells.” But Bart, as seen in this clip goes with some alternative lyrics — “Jingle Bells, Batman smells, Robin laid an egg; the Batmobile broke its wheel; the Joker got awa–,” resulting in him being pulled off-stage.

Jingle Bells, the lesson we should learn, is a wholesome Christmas song, not one to be manipulated by a rascally fourth grader. But that lesson is wrong. Jingle Bells is neither a wholesome song nor about Christmas.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/15/2020
Archaeologists dig to uncover one of America's first Black churches in Colonial Williamsburg
September 17, 2020, NBC News by Jewel Wicker
A gathering in 1776 on a plantation of enslaved and free Black people in colonial Virginia established what would become one of America's first known Black Christian congregations. Although Williamsburg's First Baptist Church has long abandoned its original sites, a group of archaeologists is digging to unearth clues into this early American group of worshippers.

While worshippers met in defiance of laws barring Black people from meeting in large numbers, white landowner Jesse Cole could hear them from his home, and he often listened along with his wife. Cole offered the group a piece of property on Nassau Street to establish a physical church. By 1828, the church had a recorded 619 members.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/13/2020
Thomas Jefferson Descendant Calls For Removal Of His Famous Ancestor’s Statues
June 19, 2020, The Huffington Post by Jeremy Blum
Shannon Lanier, a ninth-generation direct descendant of President Thomas Jefferson, believes that statues of the Founding Father would be better off in museums.

Lanier, who works as a journalist and is related to Jefferson through the third president’s relationship with enslaved woman Sally Hemings, penned his thoughts in a Newsweek editorial, arguing that Jefferson was “a participant in the institution of slavery—perhaps the most notorious one among the Founding Fathers, not least because of the jarring contrast between what he practiced and what he preached.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/11/2020
The Forgotten American Explorer Who Discovered Huge Parts of Antarctica
March 26, 2020, Smithsonian Magazine by Gillen D’Arcy Wood
The early-1900s exploits of intrepid explorers like Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton captured the public imagination. With the benefit of cameras and deft handling of newspaper media, the Edwardian British explorers, alongside their Norwegian rival Roald Amundsen, established themselves as heroic polar pioneers. In the process, however, the south polar exploits of their American forerunner, Charles Wilkes, have been largely forgotten.

It was the round-the-world expedition by Wilkes—whose scientific collection constituted the first treasures of the infant Smithsonian—that first established the continental dimensions of Antarctica. But in a twist of 19th-century international politics, that claim to Antarctica was denied to the Americans by the pole-hungry British. Fast forward to today, and the United States finds itself in another nationalistic race to capitalize on the frozen southern continent. This time, its sparring partner is China.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/09/2020
America’s First Connoisseur
May 21, 2020, The Paris Review by Edward White
Among his many claims to distinction, Thomas Jefferson can be regarded as America’s first connoisseur. The term and the concept emerged among the philosophes of eighteenth-century Paris, where Jefferson lived between 1784 and 1789. As minister to France he gorged on French culture. In five years, he bought more than sixty oil paintings, and many more objets d’art. He attended countless operas, plays, recitals, and masquerade balls. He researched the latest discoveries in botany, zoology and horticulture, and read inveterately—poetry, history, philosophy. In every inch of Paris he found something to stir his senses and cultivate his expertise. “Were I to proceed to tell you how much I enjoy their architecture, sculpture, painting, music,” he wrote a friend back in America, “I should want words.”

Ultimately, he poured all these influences into Monticello, the plantation he inherited from his father, which Jefferson redesigned into a palace of his own refined tastes. More than in its domed ceilings, its gardens, or its galleries, it was in Monticello’s dining room that Jefferson the connoisseur reigned. Here, he shared with his guests recipes, produce, and ideas that continue to have a sizable effect on how and what Americans eat.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/07/2020
Mysterious, centuries-old rock inscription finally deciphered
February 27, 2020, LiveScience by Mindy Weisberger
A mysterious, 230-year-old rock inscription in a French harbor stumped translators for decades. But now, nearly a year after the launch of a contest to decipher the writing, experts have finally decoded its secret message.

In May 2019, officials in the town of Plougastel-Daoulas in Finistère, France, challenged members of the public to interpret the 20-line carved message, Live Science previously reported. Etched into a stone in a cove that's accessible only at low tide, the writing included two dates — 1786 and 1787 — as well as letters and symbols such as a heart-topped cross and a ship.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/05/2020
Pilgrim fathers: harsh truths amid the Mayflower myths of nationhood
September 20, 2020, The Guardian (UK) by Carrie Gibson
For a ship that would sail into the pages of history, the Mayflower was not important enough to be registered in the port book of Plymouth in 1620. Pages from September of that year bear no trace of the vessel, because it was only only 102 passengers and not cargo, making it of no official interest.

The port book is one of the many surprising objects at Mayflower 400: Legend & Legacy, the inaugural exhibition of the Box in Plymouth, Devon, which will open to the public later this month, and which is part of the city’s efforts to mark the 400th anniversary of the ship’s Atlantic crossing.

“This wasn’t a huge historic voyage in 1620. If anything, it was an act of madness because they were going at the wrong time of year into an incredibly dangerous Atlantic,” said the exhibition’s curator, Jo Loosemore.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/03/2020
If Adams and Jefferson could change the number of justices, so can Biden, Schumer, and Pelosi
September 25, 2020, The Daily Kos by Ian Reifowitz
The Supreme Court didn’t always have nine justices, and that number is not set in the Constitution. The number of justices has been changed on multiple occasions throughout our nation’s history, each time for a similarly partisan reason—namely to give one party more influence over the court’s membership. And the first back and forth over the number of justices was a struggle between two of our most prominent Founding Father presidents.

Let me lay out a scenario: On Election Day, let’s say the American people defeat an incumbent president, and give control over both houses of Congress to the party of the president-elect. In a lame-duck act that completely contradicts the very recently expressed will of the people, the incumbent’s party then takes action clearly designed to limit the incoming president’s ability to shape the Supreme Court going forward. Shortly after inauguration, the new president and his party take steps to reverse that action, steps that include changing the number of seats on the Supreme Court.

This may seem like a prediction of what might happen in the coming months, but what I’ve just described happened over two centuries ago.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/01/2020
The Hunt for Catherine the Great's Shipwreck Treasure
September 06, 2020, The Daily Beast by Mara Vorhees and Gerald Easter
In October 1771, a merchant ship out of Amsterdam, the Vrouw Maria, crashed off the stormy Finnish coast, taking her historic cargo to the depths of the Baltic Sea. The vessel was delivering a dozen Dutch masterpiece paintings to Europe’s most voracious collector: Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia. The Vrouw Maria became a maritime legend, confounding would-be salvagers for more than two hundred years. In 1999, the daring Finnish wreck hunter Rauno Koivusaari set out to find it with his team, the Pro Vrouw Maria Association.

Midsummer is the time of year when Finns get in touch with their inner pagan. Before the encroachment of Christianity, summer solstice was the high holiday of the northern Baltic. White night revels involved spring potato picnics, fermented beverage consumption, and naked dance parties (at least two of these rituals are still widely practiced). The solstice signaled the transition from spring sowing to summer growing, and the critical interlude for appeasing nature’s fickle spirits, whose mystic powers and mischievous penchants were enhanced during the midnight sun. Large bonfires were lit on midsummer’s eve to frighten off ill-tiding phantoms, who might otherwise spoil the harvest or burn down a barn. Young maidens, meanwhile, delicately tucked seven wild flowers, picked from seven meadows, under their pillow, in hopes of seeing their future mate revealed in a dream. Along Finland’s west coast and throughout the islands, revelers erected long-limbed maypoles, decorated with spruce garlands, flower-woven wreaths, and jangly trinkets. Looking like a boa-clad ship’s mast, archipelago maypoles protected fishermen and sailors against the Baltic’s spiteful water demons.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 100Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 482
Census People: 11,649 | Pix: 5,428 (46.60%) | Countries: 10,853 (93.17%) | Dates: 4,069 (34.93%) | Bio: 10,422 (89.47%) | TLs: 1,425 (12.23%)/3,769 (48.74%) | Links: 19,247 (165.22%) | Gallery: 117 (1.00%) | Notes: 1,874 (16.09%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,409Broadsheet Archive: 3,213Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,733    Tagged: 6,398 (82.74%)   With Links: 4,510 (58.32%)   Total Links: 5,674
Colonial Quotes: 3,326Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 92
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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