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Select Auction 177: Fine Bottles, Flasks, and Glass (CT)
Celebrating the Fiber Arts: The Helen Geier Flynt Textile Gallery (MA)
Engraved Powder Horns from the French and Indian War and the American Revolution: The William H. Guthman Collection (MA)
Furniture Masterworks: Tradition and Innovation in Western Massachusetts (MA)
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Part 5 Finch Collection (MI)
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Time Traveler’s Camp (PA)
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Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)

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Petar I Petrovic-Njegos
the ruler of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro as the Metropolitan (vladika) of Cetinje, and Exarch (legate) of the Serbian Orthodox Church throne. He was the most popular spiritual and military leader from the Petrovi? dynasty. During his long rule, Petar strengthened the state by uniting the often quarreling tribes, consolidating his control over Montenegrin lands, introducing the first laws in Montenegro (Zakonik Petra I) and a program of liberation and unification of Serbs.

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Abounding in fodder or food. Also pabular, pabulary, relating to forage or food. Pabulum, directly from the Latin, is properly applied to food of plants and animals; its use for human food is pedantic or humorous. It is, however, applied figuratively, as when Laurence Sterne in TRISTRAM SHANDY (1765) declares: Such a story affords more pabulum to the brain than all the frusts, and crusts, and rusts of antiquity. The Latin root pa- is also the source of pasture, pastor, and pater (father, the feeder of the family) .

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
The root of all superstition is that men observe when a thing hits, but not when it misses.
— Francis Bacon

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
13 Census People added/edited
4 Census Links added/edited
07/16/191 Broadsheet added
22 Census People added/edited
07/15/191 Broadsheet added
12 Census People added/edited
1 Census Link added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

June, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results07/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Journal of Captain Phineas Stevens' Journey to Canada, 1752
Regional History: Journals06/22/19
May, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results06/12/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
The White Pine Series: New Hampshire
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses06/06/19
April, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results05/06/19
New England Weather: Storm of April, 1852
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times04/21/19
March, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results04/09/19
New England Weather: 1851 Lighthouse Storm
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times03/28/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- July 17th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1509-Venice recaptures Padua
 •  1549-Jews are expelled from Ghent Belgium 
 •  1552-Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun 
 •  1583-Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkirk 
 •  1585-English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I 
 •  1596-Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz arrives at Novaya Zemlya
 •  1717-George Frideric Handel's Water Music premieres on Thames
 •  1727-Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch Grand Pensionary
 •  1774-Captain James Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata) 
 •  1776-Congress learns of war of words, when George Washington refuses to accept a dispatch from the British to open peace negotiations, because it failed to use the title "general"
 •  1788-Battle of Hogland: Russian fleet destroys Swedish
 •  1793-French assassin Charlotte Corday is guillotined
 •  1794-Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church 
 •  1821-Spain cedes Florida to U.S.
 •  1841-British humor magazine Punch first published
 •  1845-New York Yacht Club holds its first regatta
 •  1850-Harvard Observatory takes first photograph of a star, Vega


 •  1745-  Timothy Pickering -- Governance
 •  1751-  Jacques-Antoine-Marie Lemoine -- Artists
 •  1755-  Richard Carew -- Writers
 •  1763-  John Jacob Astor -- Commerce
 •  1768-  Stephen Badin -- Clergy
 •  1797-  Paul Delaroche -- Artists
 •  1814-  William Clayton -- ClergyWriters
 •  1815-  Thekla Knos -- Writers


 •  1588-  Koca Mimar Sinan Agha -- Architects
 •  1594-  Willem Bloys van Treslong -- Naval
 •  1610-  Amandus Polanus -- WritersEducators
 •  1678-  William Pierrepont -- Governance
 •  1736-  Simon van Slingelandt -- Governance
 •  1746-  Anthonie van der Heim -- Governance
 •  1790-  Adam Smith -- WritersCommerce
 •  1793-  Charlotte Corday -- Legal
 •  1794-  John Roebuck -- Inventors
 •  1824-  Tench Coxe -- Governance
 •  1832-  Antoine-Jean Saint-Martin -- Writers
 •  1836-  William White -- Clergy
 •  1845-  Charles Grey -- Governance
 •  1851-  John Lingard -- ClergyWritersEducators
 •  1859-  William Stevenson Fitch -- Writers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 07/17/2019
17th-century massacre in Connecticut was New England's 'Jamestown'
April 04, 2019, LiveScience by Tom Metcalfe
A violent conflict between English colonists and Native Americans almost 400 years ago grew into a war that ended with the near extermination of an entire Indian tribe.

Now, archaeologists in Connecticut are investigating the town at the center of the conflict — the scene of an attack by Pequot warriors concerned by the burgeoning population of English settlers in the area.

The attack on Puritan colonists in 1637 at Wethersfield, Connecticut, was smaller in scale than the Jamestown attack in Virginia in 1622 — just nine settlers were killed, while hundreds were killed in Jamestown. But the Wethersfield conflict grew into the Pequot War in New England, and it resulted in the Mystic River Massacre in May 1637; during that massacre, an army of colonists and their Native American allies killed about 500 people and effectively wiped out the Pequot tribe.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/16/2019
Search for lost sea containers leads to discovery of 16th-century Dutch shipwreck
April 04, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A search for shipping containers that fell off a merchant ship during a storm earlier this year led to the discovery of a historic 16th-century shipwreck.

The giant container ship MSC Zoe lost more than 270 containers in January as it sailed from Portugal to the German port of Bremerhaven. While some containers and cargo washed up on German and Dutch beaches, authorities have also been searching the ocean for the missing freight. As a result, they've uncovered the oldest shipwreck ever found in Dutch waters.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/15/2019
A Colonial-Era Cemetery Resurfaces in Philadelphia
March 25, 2019, The New York Times by Jennifer Pinkowski
In June 2017 Kimberlee Moran, a forensic scientist at Rutgers University-Camden, stood in a pit at a construction site in downtown Philadelphia, just across from the Betsy Ross House.

The walls of the pit were shored up by diagonal pillars of dirt. They bristled with coffin wood — and human bones. But what she couldn’t see bothered Ms. Moran still more.

“Where’s all the stuff in the dirt that’s now missing?” she wondered.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/14/2019
African sailors aboard Henry VIII’s warship reveal hidden diversity of Tudor England
March 14, 2019, The Independent (UK) by Josh Gabbatiss
New evidence has revealed Heny VIII’s warship was a true melting pot crewed by sailors from mainland Europe and possibly as far afield as north Africa.

The findings, based on skeletons salvaged from the wreck of the Mary Rose, are the latest to reveal the multicultural nature of Tudor England.

Analysis of eight sailors who died fighting the French reveals two came from the Mediterranean, while another two could trace their origins to Africa.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/13/2019
Thieves Steal A Famous Painting From An Italian Church — But Don't Worry, It's Fake
March 17, 2019, NPR by Lulu Garcia-Navarro and Lindsey Feingold
Art thieves stole a Flemish masterpiece valued at 3 million euros from a small Italian town church last week. Or so they thought.

To their surprise, the painting they stole was actually a fake. Town leaders and the Carabinieri, Italy's military police, had been tipped off about the planned heist and replaced the original painting, Pieter Brueghel the Younger's The Crucifixion, with a replica.

Out of around 8,500 residents of Castelnuovo Magra in Liguria, only a few knew about the switch.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/12/2019
Untold History of AI: When Charles Babbage Played Chess With the Original Mechanical Turk
March 18, 2019, IEEE Spectrum by Oscar Schwartz
In the year 1770, at the court of the Austrian empress Maria Theresa, an inventor named Wolfgang von Kempelen presented a chess-playing machine. The Turk, as Kempelen called his invention, was a life-size automaton carved out of maple wood, dressed in Ottoman robes, sitting behind a wooden cabinet with a chessboard on top.

Kempelen claimed that the machine could defeat any member of the court, and one of Maria Theresa’s advisers took up the challenge. Kempelen opened the doors of the cabinet to show a clockwork-like mechanism—an intricate network of levers and cogs—and then inserted a key into the machine and wound it up. The automaton came to life, lifting its wooden arm to move the first chess piece. Within 30 minutes, it defeated its opponent.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/11/2019
'Pocahontas And The English Boys' Bridged 2 Wildly Different Cultures
March 12, 2019, NPR by Marcela Davison Avilés
As the nation turns to elections in 2020, one person has emerged as the front-runner in the imagination of the electorate, if not in reality.

I'm speaking, of course, about Pocahontas.

Over 400 years ago, after she was captured by English conquerors in Jamestown, Pocahontas learned the art of survival by navigating her own agency between cultures. In her new book, Pocahontas and the English Boys, history professor Karen Ordahl Kupperman focuses a sharp light on the historical record, revealing the elements of Pocahontas' resilience and illuminating the narrative created about her by Colonial settlers.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/10/2019
Study of old slave quarters in Maryland leads to scientific breakthrough
March 19, 2019, WTOP (MD) by Michelle Basch
The study of a 200-year-old clay tobacco pipe discovered in the slave quarters of an old Maryland plantation, has led to a scientific breakthrough.

The object was found at Belvoir, an 18th-century manor house off Generals Highway in Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

Scientists found human DNA on the pipe, and used it to determine that it was smoked by a woman. And although the DNA could not be linked to any living descendants, analysis did reveal something about the smoker’s ancestry.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/09/2019
Archaeology: Old Stone Fort built to protect Ohio settlers, but likely not by French explorer
March 03, 2019, The Columbus Dispatch (OH) by Brad Lepper
Coshocton County’s Old Stone Fort is, according to the website for the Coshocton County Visitors Bureau, a “mysterious structure” that “is presumed by many to have been built by the French explorer (Pierre LeMoyne) d’Iberville ... between 1679 and 1689. It’s believed to be the oldest building in Ohio.”

In the latest issue of the Coshocton Review, local historian Scott Butler considers all the available evidence for the age and purpose of the Old Stone Fort and dispels much of the mystery surrounding this remarkable building. Though it’s not the oldest building in Ohio, it’s still rich in history.

posted on Colonial Sense: 07/08/2019
Searching for the ships Cortés burned before destroying the Aztecs
February 28, 2019, Ars Technica by Kiona N. Smith
In 1519, at the very last moment, the Spanish governor of Cuba revoked the charter of an expedition to Mexico after a fierce argument with its leader. But the defiant Cortés set sail with 11 ships and 300 men anyway, and by July, he had worked his way along the Yucatan coast to Veracruz. There, eager to march inland to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, Cortés destroyed 10 of his 11 ships, cutting off his men’s only hope of retreat and leaving them with no option but to head inland.

The expedition ultimately destroyed the Aztec Empire and began the long and often brutal process of colonizing Mexico. Almost no one gave the ships a second thought.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 517Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,204 | Pix: 5,120 (45.70%) | Countries: 10,426 (93.06%) | Dates: 3,622 (32.33%) | Bio: 10,030 (89.52%) | TLs: 1,401 (12.50%)/3,729 (48.28%) | Links: 16,363 (146.05%) | Gallery: 55 (0.49%) | Notes: 1,746 (15.58%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 130 | Pix: 2 (1.54%) | Countries: 130 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 86 (66.15%) | TLs: 2 (1.54%)/9 | Links: 106 (81.54%) | Gallery: 106 (81.54%) | Notes: 106 (81.54%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,406Broadsheet Archive: 2,955Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,371 (82.49%)   With Links: 4,394 (56.89%)   Total Links: 5,530
Colonial Quotes: 2,990Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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