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Life in the Western Country: Arkansaw Territory from 1819-1836 (AR)
Stitched Together (AR)
Dade Quilt Show (FL)
Renninger's Extravaganza (FL)
British Troops at Sunbury 1779 (GA)
Lakewood 400 Antiques Market (GA)
Ark-La-Tex Antique Show (LA)
Antiques, Clocks & Fine Art Auction (MA)
Dinner in a Country Village (MA)
Discovery - Interiors Online (MA)
Inspired Design: Asian Decorative Arts and Their Adaptations (MA)
Jewelry & Silver - Online (MA)
Old Newbury Open House Day (MA)
Paul Revere’s Ride Revisited: Drawings by Fred Lynch (MA)
Trails West (MO)
Discovering Tryon Palace: Outlander Home and Hearth (NC)
The 155th Commemoration of the Second Battle of Fort Fisher (NC)
Hearthside Dinner (NH)
Living History Event: 1777 Preparing for the Coming Campaign (NY)
Salt City Winter Antique Show (NY)
Americana Folk Art & Textiles - Garth's Auction (OH)
Americana & International Auction (PA)
Cabin Fever Expo & Auctions (PA)
Cost of Revolution: The Life and Death of an Irish Soldier (PA)
Philadelphia Flea Market (PA)
22nd Annual Working with Wood in the 18th Century (VA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
Richmond Antiques Extravaganza (VA)
Tea with Martha Washington (VA)
Tea with Martha Washington (VA)
America's Largest Antique and Collectibles Show (WA)

Featured Citizen [More]

Daniel Florence O'Leary
a military general and aide-de-camp under Simon Bolivar. He was born in Cork, Ireland; his father was Jeremiah O'Leary, a butter merchant. In 1817, he emigrated to South America. After Bolívar's death in 1830, O'Leary disobeyed orders to burn the general's personal documents. He spent much of the rest of his life organizing them, along with writing his own very extensive memoirs (spanning thirty-four volumes) of his time fighting in the revolutionary wars with Bolívar. He died in Bogotá, Colombia. He is buried in the National Pantheon of Venezuela.

Word of the Day [More]

To teach; to guide; to learn. Also learen, later learn; laren, ler, leryn, leir, lear. A common Teutonic word; whence also lore. Note that (although this sense is now vulgar) as early as 1200 learn meant to teach; Shakespeare uses it in THE TEMPEST (1610): The red-plague rid you For learning me your language. Hence lered, learned; Chaucer says in THE DOCTOR'S TALE (1386) : For be he lewed man or ellis lered. [The earliest meaning of lewd was lay, not in holy orders; hence, unlearned, artless, vulgar; belonging to the lower orders.] The expression lered and lewed was common from the 12th to the 16th century; This lewde and learned, said Roger Ascham in THE SCHOLEMASTER (1568), by common experience know to be most true.

Daily Trivia [More]

Early Colonies
In addition to his assault on Port Royal, the British commander dispatched additional forces to destroy other French posts.
  1. True

  2. False

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
I have no notion of being hanged for half treason. When a subject draws his sword against his prince, he must cut his way through, if he means afterward to sit down in safety.
— Joseph Reed
to Mr. Pettit, September 29, 1775

Latest Activity

Today1 Census Person added/edited
01/17/201 Broadsheet added
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01/16/208 Census People added/edited
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19 Census Links added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

December, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results01/07/20
Christmas Night, 1776: Notes
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
Christmas Night, 1776
Society-Lifestyle: Holidays12/23/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals12/21/19
November, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results12/06/19
October, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Minutes of Mr. Hamburgh's Journal
Regional History: Journals09/26/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- January 18th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1562-Third sitting of Council of Trente opens
 •  1621-Jayakarta, Java, officially renamed Batavia
 •  1644-First USO (Unidentified Submerged Object, an aquatic UFO) sighting in America -- two bright lights are seen rising up out of the water by some stunned pilgrims in Boston
 •  1650-French prince Louis de Bourbon captured and arrested
 •  1691-English king William III travels to The Hague 
 •  1701- Frederick I of Prussia and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia
 •  1733-First polar bear exhibited in America in Boston
 •  1776-Georgia’s royal governor is arrested in Savannah
 •  1777-San José, California, founded
 •  1778-Captain James Cook makes landfall in Waimea Bay on Kaua'i, becoming the first European to set foot in the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands
  -English settlers arrive in Australia's Botany Bay to set up penal colony
 •  1795-French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance 
  -Governor/viceroy William V flees Scheveningen to England 
 •  1803-Thomas Jefferson requests funds for expedition by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
 •  1817-Jose de San Martin leads a revolutionary army over Andes 
 •  1840-Electro Magnet and Mechanics Intelligencer, first U.S. electrical journal, appears


 •  1519-  Isabella Jagiellon -- Governance
 •  1573-  Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder -- Artists
 •  1688-  Lionel Sackville -- Governance
 •  1689-   Montesquieu -- WritersLegal
 •  1717-   Mustafa III -- ClergyGovernance
 •  1752-  John Nash -- Architects
 •  1774-  Anna Bunina -- Writers
 •  1779-  Peter Roget -- PhysiciansWriters
 •  1782-  Daniel Webster -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1818-  Joseph Matthaus Aigner -- Artists


 •  1586-   Margaret of Parma -- Governance
 •  1589-  Magnus Heinason -- Pirates
 •  1634-  Richard Broughton -- ClergyWriters
 •  1677-  Jan van Riebeeck -- Governance
 •  1680-  George Carteret -- Governance
 •  1685-  Wentworth Dillon -- Writers
 •  1689-  Humphrey Lloyd -- Clergy
 •  1719-  Samuel Garth -- WritersPhysicians
 •  1747-  Antoni Lliteres Carrio -- Composers
 •  1748-   Arsenije IV Jovanovic Sakabenta -- Clergy
 •  1764-  Samuel Troilius -- Clergy
 •  1802-  Antoine Darquier de Pellepoix -- Astronomers
 •  1805-  John Moore -- Clergy
 •  1822-  Frodsham Hodson -- ClergyWritersEducators

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 01/17/2020
Strange Stories You Might Not Know About Colonial Americans
July 29, 2016, Ranker by Steve Silkin
It's not too much of a stretch to assume we live in the strangest era ever. After all, we have Donald Trump and his antics captivating us every day. But there are plenty of strange stories about early Americans too. From sad tales of intolerance to clownish buffoons, this is not your typical history lesson about colonial America.

This list examines what it was like to live in colonial America, from the weird political landscape to the difficulties of not fitting in the (very stringent) mold. You may not have heard these weird stories about colonial life and American history, but you won't soon forget them after reading this list.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/15/2020
Did Thomas Jefferson Say, ‘Do You Want To Know Who You Are? Don’t Ask. Act! Action Will Delineate And Define You’?
December 05, 2019, Check Your Fact by Elias Atienza
An image shared on Facebook claims founding father Thomas Jefferson once said, “Do you want to know who you are? Don’t ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you.”

President Donald Trump also tweeted the quote in 2013.

Verdict: False

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/13/2020
AI puts final notes on Beethoven's Tenth Symphony
December 13, 2019, Tech Xplore by Mathieu Foulkes
A few notes scribbled in his notebook are all that German composer Ludwig van Beethoven left of his Tenth Symphony before his death in 1827.

Now, a team of musicologists and programmers is racing to complete a version of the piece using artificial intelligence, ahead of the 250th anniversary of his birth next year.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/11/2020
Experts harness tech to reconstruct face of 'witch' who died over 300 years ago
November 01, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
Experts in Scotland have used 3D technology to reconstruct the face of an 18th-century ‘witch.’

Lilias Adie, from the village of Torryburn in Eastern Scotland, died in prison in 1704 after she had “confessed” to being a witch and having sex with the devil, according to the University of Dundee, which worked on the reconstruction project.

Adie had been sentenced to be burned to death, but died before the sentence could be carried out. One theory suggests that she committed suicide. Records suggest that she may have been in her 60s at the time of her death.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/09/2020
Utterly Fascinating Theories Behind The Vanishing Roanoke Colony
October 17, 2016, Ranker by Lyra Radford
The disappearance of the Roanoke colony remains one of the oldest unsolved mysteries in the United States. It all began back in 1587, when Sir Walter Raleigh financed the attempts of John White to establish a British colony on Roanoke Island, just off the coast of North Carolina. They landed that July and established themselves rather quickly. Everything seemed to be going well for the thriving colony of 115 people. In fact, John White’s daughter, Eleanor Dare, gave birth to a daughter while in Roanoke. Virginia Dare became the first English child born in the Americas.

White sailed back to England to gather fresh supplies, but the Anglo-Spanish War delayed his return. After being away from his family for three years, White finally returned to Roanoke in 1590, but he arrived to find the entire colony had simply vanished. They left nothing behind except the word “Croatoan” carved into a post and “Cro” etched into a tree. But what does "Croatoan" mean and where could the colony have gone? Check out the Roanoke theories below.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/07/2020
Apple TV+’s ‘Horny Emily Dickinson’ Show Is Almost Bonkers Enough to Be Fun
October 31, 2019, The Daily Beast by Kevin Fallon
here are times during the first few episodes of Dickinson when you suspect you're watching something extremely clever, a wielding of anachronistic storytelling gimmicks so smart that the series may even be genius—or, at the very least, thrilling and new. In the three episodes of the new Apple TV+ series that were released to critics, out Friday along with the rest of the new streaming service’s offerings, those moments are disappointingly fleeting.

Lovingly (I think) crowned the “horny Emily Dickinson” series on social media following the release of its trailer, the new comedy (I think) stars the brilliant Hailee Steinfeld (True Grit, Edge of Seventeen, the shitty Pitch Perfect sequels) as the brilliant late poet, whose work only gained recognition after her death in 1886. (The wide-ranging tone is its own “wild night” here.)

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/05/2020
Mozart Versus the Pope
November 22, 2011, Now I Know by Dan Lewis
In the 1630s, Italian composer Gregorio Allegri wrote a composition called the Miserere. Made for two choirs, one of five singers and one of four, the Miserere ran roughly 10 to 15 minutes. It was rarely performed — it was reserved for use during two Holy Week (the week before Easter) observances in the Sistine Chapel. To maintain the exclusivity of the Miserere, the Pope decreed that it may not be written down nor performed elsewhere, upon penalty of excommunication from the Church. That ban lasted over a century, with the only exceptions being three instances of performances, licensed by the Pope, to area leaders (such as the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I).

A 14 year old boy ended it. That boy was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/03/2020
Should We Take Down the Mona Lisa?
November 06, 2019, InsideHook by Bonnie Stiernberg
The Mona Lisa is, of course, one of the most famous — if not the most famous — works of art in the world, and naturally that means it attracts a huge amount of people on a daily basis at the Louvre, leading to overcrowding. But what, if anything, should be done about that? In a controversial new New York Times piece, Jason Farago argues we should take the famed da Vinci painting down.

“Some 80 percent of visitors, according to the Louvre’s research, are here for the Mona Lisa — and most of them leave unhappy,” Farago writes. “Content in the 20th century to be merely famous, she has become, in this age of mass tourism and digital narcissism, a black hole of anti-art who has turned the museum inside out.” To see the painting, he notes, “you must line up in a hideous, T.S.A.-style snake of retractable barriers that ends about 12 feet from the Leonardo — which, for a painting that’s just two and a half feet tall, is too far for looking and way too far for a good selfie.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 01/01/2020
Myths About Colonial America, Debunked
April 25, 2019, by Quinn Armstrong
For many in the United States, the colonial period is murky and full of half-remembered stories from school. We may recall some important tidbits like the Mayflower, the Salem Witch Trials, and the Declaration of Independence, but the stuff in between can be a blur. Didn't Thomas Jefferson own slaves? Wasn't there a mystery about Roanoke and the Croatoan?

The fact is there are many misconceptions about this period of history, from simple yet slightly off aspects of daily life to major historical moments that are nothing like you thought. You may not know quite as much about colonial America as you think you do. This period - and particularly during the American Revolution - has become so heavily mythologized the truth may elude you. For the storytellers who discuss this period, it's much easier to recount only the thrilling story of heroes who fought for freedom than delve into the complicated politics surrounding the revolution and the brilliant but flawed Founding Fathers.

posted on Colonial Sense: 12/30/2019
How smallpox brought the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara tribes together
November 28, 2019, The Daily Republic (SD) by Natasha Rausch
In western North Dakota, on a nearly 1,000,000 acre tract of land, sits the Fort Berthold Reservation, where the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara tribes once united after devastating epidemics of smallpox.

Often referred to as the “Three Affiliated Tribes,” the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara, all have their own creation stories, cultures and traditions. But they all believe their presence in North America is “from the beginning of time,” according to text published by the North Dakota Department of Public Instruction and the history published on the nation’s website.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 413Online Resources Links: 615Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,401 | Pix: 5,233 (45.90%) | Countries: 10,608 (93.04%) | Dates: 3,739 (32.80%) | Bio: 10,193 (89.40%) | TLs: 1,409 (12.36%)/3,736 (48.37%) | Links: 17,092 (149.92%) | Gallery: 89 (0.78%) | Notes: 1,786 (15.67%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,088Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,723    Tagged: 6,379 (82.60%)   With Links: 4,428 (57.34%)   Total Links: 5,577
Colonial Quotes: 3,049Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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