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Joseph Clemens of Bavaria
a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1688 to 1723. As did his brother Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Joseph Clemens allied with France during the War of Spanish Succession and was forced to flee his residence Bonn in 1702 and found refuge at the French court. Joseph Clemens was put under the ban of the Empire and deprived of his lands in 1706. The war between France and the Empire was finally ended in 1714 with the Treaty of Baden, which restored Joseph Clemens.

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Divination -- foretelling events, predicting the future --using candles or what burns (and how it burns or how the wick floats about) in a lamp.

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Early Colonies
At the Battle of Port Royal, what was the outcome for the French?
  1. They were all slaughtered

  2. They negotiated an honorable surrender

  3. They abandoned the fight and escaped into the woods

  4. Defying the odds, they beat the British

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Life is a shipwreck but we must not forget to sing in the lifeboats.
—  Voltaire

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
2 Census People added/edited
10/23/201 Article Chapter added/edited
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals10/23/20
September, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results10/09/20
In the Olden Days: Ben Franklin
Regional History: Journals09/22/20
In the Olden Days
Regional History: Journals09/22/20
August, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results09/08/20
July, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results08/10/20
June, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results07/13/20
May, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results06/19/20
April, 2020
Antiques: Auction Results05/09/20
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses04/22/20

This Day in Early Modern History -- October 24th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1492-24 (26? 27?) Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany
 •  1526-Ferdinand I of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
 •  1531-Bavaria joins the Schmalkaldic League
 •  1596-Battle of Keresztes begins: Ottoman eventually beat Austria-Hungary and Germany
 •  1648-Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war and Holy Roman Empire
  -Peace of Westphalia recognizes Switzerland's independence
 •  1681-Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, accused of high treason, moves for a writ of habeas corpus from the Tower of London
 •  1775-British naval fleet attacks Norfolk, Virginia
 •  1795-Third partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
 •  1818-Felix Mendelssohn, age 9, performs his first public concert (chamber music) in Berlin
 •  1836-Alonzo Phillips of Springfield, MA, obtains a patent for friction matches, calls them locofocos
 •  1851-William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
 •  1856-Constitution of South Australia adopted
 •  1857-World's first soccer club, Sheffield Football Club, founded in England


 •  1503-  Isabella of Portugal -- Governance
 •  1607-  Jan Lievens -- Artists
 •  1632-  Antoni van Leeuwenhoek -- InventorsScientists
 •  1651-  Jean de La Chapelle -- Writers
 •  1663-  Etienne De Lancey -- GovernanceCommerce
 •  1668-  Petr Brandl -- Artists
 •  1699-  Giuseppe Grisoni -- ArtistsSculptors
 •  1719-  Jakob Gadolin -- ClergyScientists
 •  1723-  Alejandro O'Reilly -- MilitaryCommerce
 •  1764-  Dorothea von Schlegel -- Writers
 •  1788-  Sarah Josepha Hale -- Writers
 •  1820-  Eugene Fromentin -- ArtistsWriters


 •  1523-  Juw Dekama -- Governance
 •  1537-  Jane Seymour -- Governance
 •  1601-  Tycho Brahe -- Astronomers
 •  1655-  Pierre Gassendi -- AstronomersClergyWritersScientists
 •  1667-  Godefroy Wendelin -- AstronomersClergyEducators
 •  1669-  William Prynne -- WritersLegal
 •  1672-  John Webb -- WritersArchitects
 •  1687-  Countess Palatine Maria Eufrosyne of Zweibrucken -- Writers
 •  1718-  Thomas Parnell -- ClergyWriters
 •  1814-  Robert Barnwell -- MilitaryGovernance
 •  1821-  Elias Boudinot -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1843-  Antoine Berjon -- Artists
 •  1852-  Daniel Webster -- GovernanceLegal

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 10/24/2020
9 Misconceptions And Falsehoods About The Salem Witch Trials
April 23, 2020, Ranker by Tamar Altebarmakian
One of the most interesting misconceptions about the Salem witch trials is that they were the first and only witch hunts that took place. They may be the most commonly known due to the popularity of Arthur Miller’s The Crucible and numerous film adaptations on the subject, but accusing innocent people of - and executing them for - being “witches” started long before 1692. Over the span of centuries, Europe experienced several witch trials, each as horrific as the one in Salem. While the trials in Salem lasted close to a year, some of the European trials lasted over ten years and claimed many lives.

What is significant about the Salem trials is they were some of the last to take place; they came just as the ones in Europe were dwindling - as something that European colonists brought with them to America. Although other trials took place in North America in the 1600s, notably the Connecticut Witch Trials, no witch had been tried and executed since 1663. It was thought to be behind everyone, so when the hysteria in Salem began, it shocked and continues to shock people. As you’ll see in these witch hunt facts, no one was safe - not even the family pet.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/22/2020
Scientists Find Medieval Plague Outbreaks Picked up Speed Over 300 Years
October 19, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
McMaster University researchers who analyzed thousands of documents covering a 300-year span of plague outbreaks in London, England, have estimated that the disease spread four times faster in the 17th century than it had in the 14th century.

The findings, published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, show a striking acceleration in plague transmission between the Black Death of 1348, estimated to have wiped out more than one-third of the population of Europe, and later epidemics, which culminated in the Great Plague of 1665.

Researchers found that in the 14th century, the number of people infected during an outbreak doubled approximately every 43 days. By the 17th century, the number was doubling every 11 days.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/20/2020
Atlantic Sturgeon in the King’s Pantry – Unique Discovery in Baltic Sea Wreck From 1495
August 27, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden can now reveal what the Danish King Hans had planned to offer when laying claim to the Swedish throne in 1495: a two-metre-long Atlantic sturgeon.

The well-preserved fish remains were found in a wreck on the bottom of the Baltic Sea last year, and species identification was made possible through DNA analysis.

At midsummer in 1495, the Danish King Hans was en route from Copenhagen to Kalmar, Sweden, on the royal flagship Gribshunden. Onboard were the most prestigious goods the Danish royal court could provide, but then, the trip was also very important. King Hans was going to meet Sten Sture the Elder (he hoped) to lay claim to the Swedish throne. It was important to demonstrate both power and grandeur.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/18/2020
Discovery of Ixil Maya Wall Paintings at Chajul
June 09, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Renovation works being conducted on a Maya house at Chajul in Guatemala have revealed previously unknown wall paintings that blend indigenous and European elements and date from AD 1524-1821.

Chajul is one of the largest Ixil towns, featuring several houses that date to the Colonial period, where the Ixil community has maintained its rich Ixil Maya traditions and language.

Typically, wall art from this period is found in churches depicting Christian subjects, something encouraged by Spanish authorities to cement their religious and political control. However, this art, reported in the journal Antiquity, is in house and was likely produced by indigenous artists, depicting a blend of local and European features.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/16/2020
The Skull Tower
August 24, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
The Skull Tower is a stone monument, embedded with human skulls that was constructed by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire after the Battle of Cegar in 1809.

The Battle of Cegar, (also called the Battle of Kamenica) was a conflict during the First Serbian Uprising in the Sanjak of Smederevo (an Ottoman administrative division) between the Serbian Revolutionaries and Ottoman forces on Cegar hill near the city of Niš in Serbia.

Before the battle, the Serbian Revolutionaries had constructed six large defensive positions to force the Ottoman’s defending from the Niš fortress to capitulate, but the Ottoman’s used the negotiations to delay the conflict in time for 20,000 reinforcements from Rumelia.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/14/2020
Remains of 17th Century Bishop Support Neolithic Emergence of Tuberculosis
August 14, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
When Anthropologist Caroline Arcini and her colleagues at the Swedish Natural Historical Museum discovered small calcifications in the extremely well preserved lungs of Bishop Peder Winstrup, they knew more investigation was needed.

“We suspected these were remnants of a past lung infection,” says Arcini, “and tuberculosis was at the top of our list of candidates. DNA analysis was the best way to prove it.”

Up to one quarter of the world’s population is suspected to have been exposed to bacteria of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, which cause tuberculosis (TB). Bishop Winstrup would have been one of many to fall ill during the onset of the so-called “White Plague” TB pandemic that ravaged post-medieval Europe. Today, TB is among the most prevalent diseases, accounting for the highest worldwide mortality from a bacterial infection.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/12/2020
Lost Shiva Temple Buried in Sand Discovered by Local Villagers
June 18, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Villagers from the Perumallapadu village in the Pradesh’s Nellore district of India have unearthed the 300-year-old Temple of Nageswara Swamy on the banks of the Penna River.

The temple became buried around 1850 when the village became submerged due to flooding. This caused the village to relocate and the resulting build-up of sand dunes in the vicinity swallowed the temple.

Due to Covid-19 lockdown, villagers who had heard tales from their elders about a lost temple decided to try and locate it themselves.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/10/2020
Remains of Aztec Palace of Axayácatl & House Built by Hernán Cortés Discovered
July 14, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have discovered basalt slab floors from the Palace of Axayácatl, and remains of a house built by the conquistador Hernán Cortés.

The discovery was made during works on the Monte de Piedad building in Mexico City, revealing basalt dressed stones that formed part of the palaces open plaza or courtyard.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/08/2020
Wirral’s Industrial Past Unearthed at Former Docks
May 27, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
Insights into the Wirral’s industrial past have been unearthed at Peel L&P’s Wirral Waters, with the remains of various alkali, iron, lead and copper works being among the early industrial operations discovered.

The Northbank development, which will eventually be the site of mixed residential properties, has been the subject of an archaeological investigation by the Centre for Applied Archaeology from the University of Salford.

Peel L&P, working with the archaeological investigation team sought to ‘strip, map and record’ any evidence of previous developments that may be of historical interest.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/06/2020
Engineers discover the secret of Italian renaissance domes
May 18, 2020, HeritageDaily by Staff
A research project by engineers from Princeton University in collaboration with project partners has discovered the secret of self-supporting masonry domes from the Italian renaissance.

The team analysed domes like the duomo at the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence Cathedral, and how they were built to be self-supporting without shoring.

The study is the first ever to quantitatively prove the physics at work in Italian renaissance domes and to explain the forces which allow such structures to have been built without formwork typically required, even for modern construction.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 121Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,567 | Pix: 5,370 (46.43%) | Countries: 10,774 (93.14%) | Dates: 4,021 (34.76%) | Bio: 10,347 (89.45%) | TLs: 1,422 (12.29%)/3,767 (48.69%) | Links: 18,991 (164.18%) | Gallery: 112 (0.97%) | Notes: 1,860 (16.08%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,200Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,737    Tagged: 6,399 (82.71%)   With Links: 4,492 (58.06%)   Total Links: 5,654
Colonial Quotes: 3,325Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5

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