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37 years before Scarlett O'Hara & Gone With the Wind, Janice Meredith juggled suitors, struggled to survive & watched a sweeping war transform America

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Joachim von Sandrart
a German Baroque art-historian and painter, active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age. In Amsterdam he worked as a painter of genre works, and portraits. He won a very good following as a painter, winning a lucrative commission for a large commemorative piece for the state visit by Maria of Medici in 1638, which hangs in the Rijksmuseum.

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Also Snob. One who repaired shoes.

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Early Colonies
In which of the original 13 colonies would you find the highest concentration of Catholics?
  1. Virginia

  2. Maryland

  3. New Hampshire

  4. Georgia

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More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
Sunlight is painting.
— Nathaniel Hawthorne

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This Day in Early Modern History -- December 5th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events


 •  1492-Christopher Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti), at Mole Saint Nicolas 
  -Christopher Columbus' ship Santa Maria lands at Santo Domingo
 •  1496-Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel of Portugal 
 •  1590-Niccolò Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
 •  1602-Giulio Caccini's Euridice premieres in Florence
 •  1757-Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
 •  1766-London auctioneers Christie's hold their first sale
 •  1776-First U.S. fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (at William and Mary College), forms
 •  1791-Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies at 35 in his home in Prague, after an extended illness
 •  1792-George Washington re-elected U.S. president
 •  1798-Government troops occupy Hasselt 
 •  1804-Thomas Jefferson re-elected U.S. president/George Clinton2 vice-president
 •  1813-Lubeck surrenders to allied armies 
 •  1830-Hector Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique premieres in Paris
 •  1831-Former President John Quincy Adams takes his seat as member of House of Representatives 
 •  1832-Andrew Jackson re-elected president of US
 •  1837-Hector Berlioz's Requiem premieres
  -Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
 •  1846-Christian Friedrich Schonbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
 •  1848-President James K. Polk triggers Gold Rush of '49, confirms California gold discovery
 •  1854-Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
 •  1859-Dion Boucicault's The Octoroon premieres in New York City


 •  1539-  Fausto Sozzini -- Writers
 •  1595-  Henry Lawes -- Composers
 •  1661-  Robert Harley -- Governance
 •  1671-  Joseph Clemens of Bavaria -- Clergy
 •  1710-  Antoine Yart -- Writers
 •  1742-  Maria Gertrudis Hore -- Writers
 •  1751-  Catharine Stolberg -- Writers
 •  1782-  Martin Van Buren -- Governance
 •  1789-  Anton Pius Riegel -- Architects
 •  1804-  Cesare Cantu -- Writers


 •  1560-  Francis II of France -- Governance
 •  1715-  Alexander Dalzeel -- Pirates
 •  1749-  Pierre Gaultier de Varennes -- ExplorersMilitary
 •  1791-  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart -- Composers
 •  1802-  Lemuel Francis Abbott -- Artists
 •  1814-  John Brady -- Writers
  -  Evariste de Parny -- Writers
 •  1821-  William David Evans -- WritersLegal
 •  1824-  Anne Louise Brillon de Jouy -- Composers
 •  1859-  Cecilia Maria Barthelemon -- Composers

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 11/15/2020
Archaeologists dig to uncover one of America's first Black churches in Colonial Williamsburg
September 17, 2020, NBC News by Jewel Wicker
A gathering in 1776 on a plantation of enslaved and free Black people in colonial Virginia established what would become one of America's first known Black Christian congregations. Although Williamsburg's First Baptist Church has long abandoned its original sites, a group of archaeologists is digging to unearth clues into this early American group of worshippers.

While worshippers met in defiance of laws barring Black people from meeting in large numbers, white landowner Jesse Cole could hear them from his home, and he often listened along with his wife. Cole offered the group a piece of property on Nassau Street to establish a physical church. By 1828, the church had a recorded 619 members.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/13/2020
Thomas Jefferson Descendant Calls For Removal Of His Famous Ancestor’s Statues
June 19, 2020, The Huffington Post by Jeremy Blum
Shannon Lanier, a ninth-generation direct descendant of President Thomas Jefferson, believes that statues of the Founding Father would be better off in museums.

Lanier, who works as a journalist and is related to Jefferson through the third president’s relationship with enslaved woman Sally Hemings, penned his thoughts in a Newsweek editorial, arguing that Jefferson was “a participant in the institution of slavery—perhaps the most notorious one among the Founding Fathers, not least because of the jarring contrast between what he practiced and what he preached.”

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/11/2020
The Forgotten American Explorer Who Discovered Huge Parts of Antarctica
March 26, 2020, Smithsonian Magazine by Gillen D’Arcy Wood
The early-1900s exploits of intrepid explorers like Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton captured the public imagination. With the benefit of cameras and deft handling of newspaper media, the Edwardian British explorers, alongside their Norwegian rival Roald Amundsen, established themselves as heroic polar pioneers. In the process, however, the south polar exploits of their American forerunner, Charles Wilkes, have been largely forgotten.

It was the round-the-world expedition by Wilkes—whose scientific collection constituted the first treasures of the infant Smithsonian—that first established the continental dimensions of Antarctica. But in a twist of 19th-century international politics, that claim to Antarctica was denied to the Americans by the pole-hungry British. Fast forward to today, and the United States finds itself in another nationalistic race to capitalize on the frozen southern continent. This time, its sparring partner is China.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/09/2020
America’s First Connoisseur
May 21, 2020, The Paris Review by Edward White
Among his many claims to distinction, Thomas Jefferson can be regarded as America’s first connoisseur. The term and the concept emerged among the philosophes of eighteenth-century Paris, where Jefferson lived between 1784 and 1789. As minister to France he gorged on French culture. In five years, he bought more than sixty oil paintings, and many more objets d’art. He attended countless operas, plays, recitals, and masquerade balls. He researched the latest discoveries in botany, zoology and horticulture, and read inveterately—poetry, history, philosophy. In every inch of Paris he found something to stir his senses and cultivate his expertise. “Were I to proceed to tell you how much I enjoy their architecture, sculpture, painting, music,” he wrote a friend back in America, “I should want words.”

Ultimately, he poured all these influences into Monticello, the plantation he inherited from his father, which Jefferson redesigned into a palace of his own refined tastes. More than in its domed ceilings, its gardens, or its galleries, it was in Monticello’s dining room that Jefferson the connoisseur reigned. Here, he shared with his guests recipes, produce, and ideas that continue to have a sizable effect on how and what Americans eat.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/07/2020
Mysterious, centuries-old rock inscription finally deciphered
February 27, 2020, LiveScience by Mindy Weisberger
A mysterious, 230-year-old rock inscription in a French harbor stumped translators for decades. But now, nearly a year after the launch of a contest to decipher the writing, experts have finally decoded its secret message.

In May 2019, officials in the town of Plougastel-Daoulas in Finistère, France, challenged members of the public to interpret the 20-line carved message, Live Science previously reported. Etched into a stone in a cove that's accessible only at low tide, the writing included two dates — 1786 and 1787 — as well as letters and symbols such as a heart-topped cross and a ship.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/05/2020
Pilgrim fathers: harsh truths amid the Mayflower myths of nationhood
September 20, 2020, The Guardian (UK) by Carrie Gibson
For a ship that would sail into the pages of history, the Mayflower was not important enough to be registered in the port book of Plymouth in 1620. Pages from September of that year bear no trace of the vessel, because it was only only 102 passengers and not cargo, making it of no official interest.

The port book is one of the many surprising objects at Mayflower 400: Legend & Legacy, the inaugural exhibition of the Box in Plymouth, Devon, which will open to the public later this month, and which is part of the city’s efforts to mark the 400th anniversary of the ship’s Atlantic crossing.

“This wasn’t a huge historic voyage in 1620. If anything, it was an act of madness because they were going at the wrong time of year into an incredibly dangerous Atlantic,” said the exhibition’s curator, Jo Loosemore.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/03/2020
If Adams and Jefferson could change the number of justices, so can Biden, Schumer, and Pelosi
September 25, 2020, The Daily Kos by Ian Reifowitz
The Supreme Court didn’t always have nine justices, and that number is not set in the Constitution. The number of justices has been changed on multiple occasions throughout our nation’s history, each time for a similarly partisan reason—namely to give one party more influence over the court’s membership. And the first back and forth over the number of justices was a struggle between two of our most prominent Founding Father presidents.

Let me lay out a scenario: On Election Day, let’s say the American people defeat an incumbent president, and give control over both houses of Congress to the party of the president-elect. In a lame-duck act that completely contradicts the very recently expressed will of the people, the incumbent’s party then takes action clearly designed to limit the incoming president’s ability to shape the Supreme Court going forward. Shortly after inauguration, the new president and his party take steps to reverse that action, steps that include changing the number of seats on the Supreme Court.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/01/2020
The Hunt for Catherine the Great's Shipwreck Treasure
September 06, 2020, The Daily Beast by Mara Vorhees and Gerald Easter
In October 1771, a merchant ship out of Amsterdam, the Vrouw Maria, crashed off the stormy Finnish coast, taking her historic cargo to the depths of the Baltic Sea. The vessel was delivering a dozen Dutch masterpiece paintings to Europe’s most voracious collector: Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia. The Vrouw Maria became a maritime legend, confounding would-be salvagers for more than two hundred years. In 1999, the daring Finnish wreck hunter Rauno Koivusaari set out to find it with his team, the Pro Vrouw Maria Association.

Midsummer is the time of year when Finns get in touch with their inner pagan. Before the encroachment of Christianity, summer solstice was the high holiday of the northern Baltic. White night revels involved spring potato picnics, fermented beverage consumption, and naked dance parties (at least two of these rituals are still widely practiced). The solstice signaled the transition from spring sowing to summer growing, and the critical interlude for appeasing nature’s fickle spirits, whose mystic powers and mischievous penchants were enhanced during the midnight sun. Large bonfires were lit on midsummer’s eve to frighten off ill-tiding phantoms, who might otherwise spoil the harvest or burn down a barn. Young maidens, meanwhile, delicately tucked seven wild flowers, picked from seven meadows, under their pillow, in hopes of seeing their future mate revealed in a dream. Along Finland’s west coast and throughout the islands, revelers erected long-limbed maypoles, decorated with spruce garlands, flower-woven wreaths, and jangly trinkets. Looking like a boa-clad ship’s mast, archipelago maypoles protected fishermen and sailors against the Baltic’s spiteful water demons.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/30/2020
Iconic Plymouth Rock, other landmarks vandalized, covered in graffiti
February 17, 2020, WCVB5 (ABC) by Staff
The iconic Plymouth Rock, the landmark that marks where the Pilgrims landed the Mayflower 400 years ago, has been vandalized with graffiti, photos from the scene show.

It was among several historic landmarks that appeared to have been tagged by vandals.

The rock, which has the date 1620 chiseled into it, is now covered in red graffiti.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/28/2020
Who's afraid of the 1619 Project?
January 19, 2020, Daily Kos by Denise Oliver Velez
The 1619 Project, the brainchild of New York Times staff reporter Nikole Hannah-Jones, has had an impact on the foundation of the way in which we approach American history and its intertwined Black history, which is often dusted off and separated out into a neat package for educational consumption during the month of February, languishing the rest of the year.

When the project launched, I sent my husband out, in vain, to get a copy of the launch magazine — which sold out almost instantly. I had to make do with a download. Since that moment in August of last year, the project has continued to affect teaching, curricula, and has sparked an unlearning of what we thought we knew about enslavement and this nation.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 57Online Resources Links: 616Recipes: 482
Census People: 11,575 | Pix: 5,372 (46.41%) | Countries: 10,782 (93.15%) | Dates: 4,046 (34.95%) | Bio: 10,354 (89.45%) | TLs: 1,424 (12.30%)/3,768 (48.71%) | Links: 19,061 (164.67%) | Gallery: 112 (0.97%) | Notes: 1,861 (16.08%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,409Broadsheet Archive: 3,211Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,735    Tagged: 6,397 (82.70%)   With Links: 4,494 (58.10%)   Total Links: 5,656
Colonial Quotes: 3,325Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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