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Cast Iron Cooking (AR)
Heat Tempering and Transfer (AR)
Select Auction 184: Fine Early Glass and Bottles (CT)
Hamilton and Burr: Who Wrote Their Stories? (DE)
Renninger's Extravaganza (FL)
Colonial Wormsloe Lantern Tours (GA)
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22nd Annual Ferdinand Christkindlmarkt (IN)
Heartland Antique Show (IN)
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Boston Book. Print, and Ephemera Show (MA)
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Firearms, Militaria and Sporting (PA)
Make a Needle Felted Snowman (PA)
Thrown, Fired and Glazed: The Redware Tradition from Pennsylvania and Beyond (PA)
Forgotten Soldier Special Exhibition (VA)
TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia (VA)
Thomas Jefferson Wine Festival (VA)
Thomas Jefferson Wine Festival (VA)
Washington and Marshall: Federalist Forged in Battle Exhibit (VA)

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Baron Bernard Desjean
a French admiral and privateer. In 1697, he undertook his greatest expedition: the Raid on Cartagena. This raid was so successful that it made him immensely rich and very appreciated by King Louis XIV.

Word of the Day [More]

Whetstone
Figuratively, something that sharpens the wits. Randolph (WORKS; 1635) had a pedlar at Cambridge bring out a whetstone, and descant: Leaving my brains, I come to a more profitable commodity; for, considering how dull half the wits of this university be, I thought it not the worst traffic to sell whetstones. This whetstone will set such an edge upon your inventions, that it will make your rusty iron brains purer metal than your brazen faces. Whet but the knife of your capacities on this whetstone, and you may presume to dine at the Muses' Ordinarie, or sup at the Oracle of Apollo. Nares states that to give the whetstone "was a standing jest among our ancestors, as a satirical premium to him who told the greatest lie," and quotes TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE (1580) to show there were "jocular games" with the whetstone given as the greatest liar's prize. The passage is, however, obviously satiric, and the O.E.D. states that a whetstone was hung about the neck of a liar, as an actual punishment (London, 1418): He, as a fals lyere . . . shal stonde . . . upon the pillorye . . . with a westone aboute his necke. Thence, of course, many phrases attack such persons as lie for the whetstone, i.e., deserve it for their lies. Mrs. Centlivre in THE BUSIE BODY (1709) said: If you be not as errant a cuckold as ere drove bargain upon the Exchange, I am a son of a whetstone. When Sir Kenelm Digby, boasting that on his travels he had seen the philosopher's stone, was asked to describe it, he hesitated, and Francis Bacon interjected: "Perhaps it was a whetstone."

Daily Trivia [More]

(1619-1701)
Early Colonies
Pennsylvania Colony was a North American colony granted to William Penn on March 4, 1681 by King Charles II of England. Pennsylvania got its name for William Penn's father and the Latin word silva, meaning "forest". The name itself means "Penn's Woods".
  1. True

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Daily Colonial Quote -

More notable sayings can be found in the Colonial Quotes section
However weak our country may be, I hope we shall never sacrifice our liberties. .
— Alexander Hamilton
Report on a National Bank, December 13, 1790

Latest Activity

Today1 Broadsheet added
1 Census Person added/edited
11/15/1931 Census People added/edited
11/14/191 Broadsheet added
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11/13/191 Census Person added/edited
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11/12/191 Broadsheet added
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Recent Articles on Colonial Sense

WhatWhereWhen
October, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results11/08/19
The White Pine Series: Connecticut
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
The White Pine Series: New York
Architecture: Houses10/20/19
September, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results10/08/19
Travels in the American Colonies: Minutes of Mr. Hamburgh's Journal
Regional History: Journals09/26/19
August, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results09/09/19
An Account Of Two Voyages: Chapter 2
Regional History: Journals08/23/19
July, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results08/07/19
New England Weather: 1851 Tornado
Society-Lifestyle: Signs of the Times07/21/19
June, 2019
Antiques: Auction Results07/08/19

This Day in Early Modern History -- November 16th

click on      for links for date verification; or go to the Timeline for more events

Events

 •  1532-Francisco Pizarro captures Incan emperor Atahualpa after victory at Cajamarca
 •  1572-Don Frederiks troops occupy/plunder Zutphen 
 •  1632-Battle of Lutzen: Sweden beats imperial armies under Albrecht von Wallenstein
 •  1676-First colonial prision organized, Nantucket Massachusetts 
 •  1677-French troops occupy Freiburg 
 •  1683-Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henriette Amalia 
 •  1700-Monarch Frederick III of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
 •  1763-English journalist John Wilkes injured at duel
 •  1764-Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac 
 •  1771-West Indian Company and Amsterdam divide up Suriname 
 •  1776-Frst United States vessel (U.S. Andrea Doria) to receive a gun salute from a foreign power, at Ft. St. Eustatius
  -Hessians capture Fort Washington
 •  1783-Annapolis Maryland, becomes U.S. capital (until June 1784)
 •  1798-Kentucky becomes first state to nullify an act of Congress
 •  1801-First edition of New-York Evening Post, the nation's oldest continuously published daily newspaper.
 •  1805-Battle of Schöngrabern: Russian army stop French
 •  1811-Earthquake in Missouri causes the Mississippi River to flow backwards
 •  1821-William Becknell opens trade on the Santa Fe Trail
 •  1824-New York City's Fifth Avenue opens for business 
 •  1835-Charles Darwin's voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society 
 •  1841-Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin in New York City.
 •  1849-Fyodor Dostoyevsky is sentenced to death
 •  1856-Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens 
 •  1859-Alexander Ostrovsky's Groza (The Storm) premieres in Moscow

Births

 •  1528-  Jeanne d'Albret -- Governance
 •  1643-  Jean Chardin -- ExplorersWriters
 •  1653-  Joan van Hoorn -- Governance
 •  1717-  Jean le Rond d'Alembert -- WritersScientists
 •  1746-  Robert R. Livingston -- GovernanceLegal
 •  1770-  Etienne Pivert de Senancour -- Writers
 •  1787-  François-Joseph Navez -- Artists

Deaths

 •  1601-  Charles Neville -- Military
 •  1625-  Sofonisba Anguissola -- Artists
 •  1672-  Esaias Boursse -- Artists
 •  1689-  Cornelis Mahu -- Artists
 •  1695-  Pierre Nicole -- Writers
 •  1706-  Godfried Schalcken -- Artists
 •  1745-  Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt -- Architects
 •  1766-  Dominikus Zimmermann -- Architects
 •  1806-  Moses Cleaveland -- MilitaryGovernanceLegal
 •  1807-  Cheng I -- Pirates
 •  1816-  Pierre-Louis Ginguene -- Writers
 •  1820-  Richard W. Bridgman -- Writers
 •  1827-  Dovber Schneuri -- Clergy
 •  1831-  Carl von Clausewitz -- MilitaryWriters
 •  1840-  Sophie Albrecht -- Writers
 •  1841-  Emmanuel Theaulon -- Writers
 •  1855-  Auguste Romieu -- GovernanceWriters

Latest Broadsheets -- Daily news from around the world about the Early Modern Era

Older articles can be found in the Broadsheet Archive
posted on Colonial Sense: 11/16/2019
Beardy biologist's withering takedown of creationism fetches $564,500 at auction
November 07, 2019, The Register (UK) by Richard Currie
A first-edition copy of history's most influential takedown of creationism has sold for $564,500 at auction, the highest amount yet for the tome.

The handsome green leather-bound book – Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, of course – was among the library of American racehorse breeder and philanthropist Paul Mellon, who died aged 91 in 1999.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/14/2019
Revolutionary War diary sheds light on Deborah Sampson, who disguised herself as a man to join the Continental Army
July 04, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A remarkable Revolutionary War diary written by a Massachusetts corporal sheds light on Deborah Sampson, who disguised herself as a man to join the Continental Army.

The diary, which features daily entries from March 28, 1781 to Aug. 16, 1782, was written by Abner Weston, detailing his experiences between campaigns, drilling and training. The entry for Jan. 23 1782 also describes Sampson’s first documented attempt to join George Washington’s Army. Sampson famously went on to fight in the Continental Army as “Private Robert Shurtleff,” but fell ill and her identity was discovered. Sampson received an honorable discharge in 1783.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/12/2019
Rare Revolutionary War sword to go on display for the first time
October 26, 2017, Fox News by James Rogers
An extremely rare silver-hilted sword used by an American officer during the Revolutionary War is set to go on display for the first time.

The small sword was owned by Col. Jonathan Pettibone of the 18th (Connecticut) Regiment, who fought in the battles for New York in 1776. Pettibone, of Simsbury, Connecticut, died in Rye, New York, in September of that year, shortly after the Battle of Long Island.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/10/2019
Exclusive: Trump invokes War of 1812 in testy call with Trudeau over tariffs
June 06, 2018, CNN by Jim Acosta and Paula Newton
President Donald Trump and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau had a testy phone call on May 25 over new tariffs imposed by the Trump administration targeting steel and aluminum imports coming from Canada, including one moment during the conversation in which Trump made an erroneous historical reference, sources familiar with the discussion told CNN.

According to the sources, Trudeau pressed Trump on how he could justify the tariffs as a "national security" issue. In response, Trump quipped to Trudeau, "Didn't you guys burn down the White House?" referring to the War of 1812.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/08/2019
Revolutionary War rifle stolen nearly 50 years ago back on display
November 06, 2019, Fox News by James Rogers
A Revolutionary War rifle that was stolen in 1971 and discovered at a barn sale almost 50 years later is now back on display after being reunited with its owner.

The rifle, which is owned by the Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution and its Color Guard, was on loan to the Valley Forge Historical Society when it was stolen from a display at Valley Forge Park in 1971.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/06/2019
Who's stealing Christopher Columbus letters from libraries around the world?
October 20, 2019, CBS News by Jon Wertheim
In 1492, Christopher Columbus, of course, sailed the ocean blue. And on his journey home, he wrote a letter to his patrons, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, describing his discovery of the new world, and in effect, asking for more money to make another trip. Columbus' voyage marked one of the great plot points in history. Upon his return, his letter was printed and distributed throughout Europe, making for blockbuster news. Columbus' original handwritten letter, penned on the high seas, no longer exists, but some of the printed copies do. Most are housed in prestigious libraries, and for centuries, that's where they've remained. That is, until about 10 years ago, when authorities discovered some of these treasures had been stolen and replaced with forgeries. So began a modern kind of trans-Atlantic quest, as investigators in the U.S. and Europe worked to recover Columbus' missing missives and solve this most unusual international mystery.

If there is one library in the world you'd think would be impervious to theft, this would be it. The Vatican library in rome houses a vast and unrivaled collection of historic treasures. It is the pope's library, home to manuscripts going back nearly 2000 years. The library is closed to the public, it's a place for scholars only. But Ambrogio Piazzoni, the vice prefect, invited us inside.

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/04/2019
Were the witches of Salem a result of poisoning with ergot fungus?
January 14, 2005, The Straight Dope by Cecil Adams
Dear Cecil:

I keep hearing claims that the Salem witchcraft trials were the result of poisoning by grain infected with ergot fungus, which caused convulsions and other symptoms that the simple souls of the day interpreted as signs of demonic possession. Any truth to this, Cecil?

Cecil replies:

Not likely. While it’s rarely possible to prove or disprove these things conclusively, evidence for the ergotism-made-them-do-it theory is unpersuasive. The whole project, in fact, smacks of a refusal to face unpleasant truths about human nature. Who needs an organic cause to explain murder in the name of righteousness? Ignorance and superstition aren’t enough?

posted on Colonial Sense: 11/02/2019
No, British Parliament didn’t ban ‘witchcraft’ lipstick in 1770
October 25, 2019, PolitiFact by Samantha Putterman
A curious "fun fact" about the 1770s, Britian and lipstick went viral on social media.

The Facebook post making the rounds claims that, in 1770, the British Parliament "banned lipstick, saying it had the power to seduce men into marriage, which was classified as witchcraft."

The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed. (Read more about our partnership with Facebook.)

Was the cosmetic really once banned under British law? We wanted to find out.

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/31/2019
George Washington, the Revolutionary King of Rye Whiskey
August 15, 2015, The Daily Beast by Noah Rothbaum
George Washington is trying to get my attention from across the bar. It’s almost like he wants me to order more rye whiskey.

No, this isn’t the beginning of a lost Hunter S. Thompson story. It actually happened to me.

But why would George care what I drink?

posted on Colonial Sense: 10/29/2019
Soldier's faith: Rare Bible carried at the battle of Bunker Hill has moving inscriptions
June 02, 2016, Fox News by James Rogers
A rare Bible from the battle of Bunker Hill will be exhibited at the Museum of the American Revolution when it opens in Philadelphia next year. The recently-acquired King James Bible is inscribed by American soldier Francis Merrifield, who thanks God for sparing his life in the bloody 1775 battle.

The museum confirmed Thursday that it purchased the Bible at a Bonham’s auction in New York on April 11. The Bible sold for $161,000, including the buyer’s premium.

Colonial Sense Stats

Event Calendar Listings: 238Online Resources Links: 614Recipes: 481
Census People: 11,373 | Pix: 5,218 (45.88%) | Countries: 10,584 (93.06%) | Dates: 3,708 (32.60%) | Bio: 10,168 (89.40%) | TLs: 1,409 (12.39%)/3,735 (48.37%) | Links: 16,875 (148.38%) | Gallery: 80 (0.70%) | Notes: 1,772 (15.58%)
Architecture: Fortifications: 142 | Pix: 2 (1.41%) | Countries: 142 (100.00%) | Dates: 0 (0.00%) | Bio: 88 (61.97%) | TLs: 2 (1.41%)/9 | Links: 118 (83.10%) | Gallery: 118 (83.10%) | Notes: 118 (83.10%)
Dictionary Entries: 1,408Broadsheet Archive: 3,057Food and Farming Items: 200
Timeline Events: 7,722    Tagged: 6,379 (82.61%)   With Links: 4,424 (57.29%)   Total Links: 5,570
Colonial Quotes: 3,014Trivia Challenge: 293Videos: 93
Downloads:   Articles: 9  Music: 12  Wallpaper: 6  Radio Shows: 5
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