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In all great fish-markets, great fish-mongers strictly examine the gills - if the bright redness is exchanged for a low brown, they are stale; but when live fish are brought flouncing into market, you have only to select the kind most agreeable to your palate and the season.
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This plant is the Smyrnium olustratum of science, and is used in this country in the same way in...

This is the popular name given to pimento, or Jamaica pepper, known to naturalists as Eugenia pi...

Almonds are the fruit of the Amygdalus commenis, and are cultivated throughout the whole of the ...

In his book of "British Fishes," Mr. Yarrell states that "the anchovy is a common fish in the ...

Apples are still more various, yet rigidly retain their own species, and are highly useful in fa...

The apricot is indigenous to the plains of Armenia, but is now cultivated in almost every climat...

This nutritious fecula is obtained from the roots of a plant which is cultivated in both the Eas...

This being a tuberous-rooted plant, with leafy stems from four to six feet high, it is alleged t...

This plant belongs to the variously-featured family of the order Liliaceae, which, in the temper...

This fish takes its name from the barbs or wattels at its mouth; and, in England, is esteemed as...

Barberries (Berberris vulgaris) are a fruit of such great acidity, that even birds refuse to eat...

This, in the order of cereal grasses, is, in Britain, the next plant to wheat in point of value,...

Ocymum Basilium is a native of the East Indies, and is highly aromatic, having a perfume greatly...

The leaves of this tree frequently enter into the recipes of cookery; but they ought not to be u...

(Myrica pensylvanica) Native shrub with aromatic leaves and berries. Used for dyeing. See Nat...

Although these vegetables are not much used in this country, yet in France, and other Catholic c...

(Monarda didyma) Description: Perennial. 2-3'. Plant has downy leaves and long, narrow, tubul...

The geographical distribution of the order Saltworts (Salxolaceae), to which beetroot belongs, i...

(Ceiastrus scalldens) Native vine with orange-red berries. Used for dyeing. See Natural Dye P...

The wild boar is a much more cleanly and sagacious animal than the domesticated hog; he is longe...

Brandy is the alcoholic or spirituous portion of wine, separated from the aqueous part, the colo...

This fish resembles the sole, but is broader, and when large, is esteemed by many in a scarcely ...

These are only forms of the wild Cabbage in its cultivated state. They are both well known; but ...

When the Green Kale, or Borecole, has been advanced a step further in the path of improvement, i...

Butter is indispensable in almost all culinary preparations. Good fresh butter, used in moderati...

It is remarkable, that although there is no country in the world now more plentifully supplied w...

These are the unopened buds of a low trailing shrub, which grows wild among the crevices of the ...

This species of fish inhabit the fresh waters, where they feed on worms, insects, aquatic plants...

Several species of carrots are cultivated,--the red, the yellow, and the which. Those known as t...

(Nepeta cataria) Description: Perennial . 2-3'. Gray heart-shaped leaves with scalloped edges...

The cauliflower is less indigestible than the cabbage; it possesses a most agreeable flavour, an...

This is the most acrid and stimulating spice with which we are acquainted. It is a powder prepar...

This plant is indigenous to Britain, and, in its wild state, grows by the side of ditches and al...

(Anthemis nobilis) Description: Perennial . To 1 '. One of several chamomiles, this one has a...

This, the most celebrated of French wines, is the produce chiefly of the province of that name, ...

This is one of the most delicious of fish, being esteemed by some superior to the salmon. It is ...

The red smooth moist coated, and tight pressed, square edged Cheese, are better than white coat,...

According to Lucullus, the cherry-tree was known in Asia in the year of Rome 680. Seventy differ...

Although the roots of this plant are poisonous, its leaves are tender, and are used in salads. I...

This fruit is said, by some, to have originally come from Sardis, in Lydia; and by others, from ...

Chickens of either kind are good, and the yellow leg'd the best, and their taste the sweetest.Ca...

(Allium schoenoprasum) Description: Perennial . 10". Clumps of slender onionlike tubular leav...

(Crysanthemum monfolium) Fall-blooming garden perennial. Used for dyeing. See Natural Dye Pro...

This fish takes its name from its head, not only in England, but in other countries. It is a riv...

The cinnamon-tree (Laurus Cinnamomum) is a valuable and beautiful species of the laurel family, ...

The fruit of the citron-tree (Citrus medica) is acidulous, antiseptic, and antiscorbutic: it exc...

All those wines called in England clarets are the produce of the country round Bordeaux, or the ...

The clove-tree is a native of the Molucca Islands, particularly Amboyna, and attains the height ...

Chocolate and Cocoa: Both these preparations are made from the seeds or beans of the cacao-tree,...

This is the fruit of one of the palms, than which it is questionable if there is any other speci...

Cod may be boiled whole; but a large head and shoulders are quite sufficient for a dish, and con...

The coffee plant grows to the height of about twelve or fifteen feet, with leaves not unlike tho...

This plant, which largely enters into the composition of curry powder with turmeric, originally ...

The quality of beef depends on various circumstances; such as the age, the sex, the breed of the...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

The whole of this tribe of animals have the body covered with a hard and strong shell, and they ...

The marshes of Cape Cod are a primary source of this native berry, so the colonists could harves...

The yellowish-white, opaque fluid, smooth and unctuous to the touch, which separates itself from...

The cucumber is refreshing, but neither nutritious nor digestible, and should be excluded from t...

Currants are easily grown from shoots trimmed off from old bunches, and set carelessly in the gr...

Also known as the Dare This fish is gregarious, and is seldom above ten inches long; although...

(Dahlia pinnata) Tuberous-rooted summer garden flower. Used for dyeing. See Natural Dye Proje...

Whether for jam, jelly, pie, pudding, water, ice, wine, dried fruit or preserved, the damson, or...

This active tribe of animals principally inhabit wild and woody regions. In their contentions, b...

(Peucedanum graveolens) Description: Annual . 2-2 1/2'. Like fennel but smaller with pointed...

Also known as the John Dory This fish is of a yellowish golden colour, and is, in general, ra...

Choosing at Market: Choose them by the same rules, of having supple feet, and by their being har...

This fish is known frequently to quit its native element, and to set off on a wandering expediti...

Eggs may be bought cheapest when the hens first begin to lay in the spring, before they sit; in ...

The elder-berry is well adapted for the production of wine; its juice contains a considerable po...

This is the C. endivium of science, and is much used as a salad. It belongs to the family of the...

This elegantly-growing plant, of which the Latin name is _Anethum foeniculum_, grows best in cha...

This comes under the tribe usually denominated Flat-fish, and is generally held in the smallest ...

The smell of this plant is generally considered offensive, and it is the most acrimonious in its...

The ginger plant, known to naturalists as Zingiber officinale, is a native, of the East and West...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

(Solidago spp.) Widely distributed summer- and fall-blooming native. Used for dyeing. See Nat...

Choosing at Market: A Goose, if young, the bill and feet will be yellow, and will have but few h...

This useful and wholesome fruit (Ribes grossularia) is thought to be indigenous to the British I...

Grapes are natural to the climate; grow spontaneously in every state in the union, and ten degre...

This is a fresh-water fish, belonging to the carp genus, and is found in placid streams and lake...

Also known as the gurnard. "If I be not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a souced gurnet," says F...

This fish migrates in immense shoals, and arrives on the Yorkshire coast about the middle of win...

Choosing Hares: White flesh'd and flexible when new and fresh kill'd; if stale, their flesh will...

The herring tribe are found in the greatest abundance in the highest northern latitudes, where t...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

This belongs to the tribe Alyssidae, and is highly stimulant and exciting to the stomach. It has...

Jellies are not the nourishing food they were at one time considered to be, and many eminent phy...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

Green Kale, or Borecole: When Colewort, or Wild Cabbage, is brought into a state of cultivation,...

(stachys byzantina) Colonial opinion: Lamb's ears, though little has been written about it, ...

With the Romans, this fish occupied a respectable rank among the piscine tribes, and in Britain ...

Melting Lard: Melt the inner fat of the pig, by putting it in a stone jar, and placing this in a...

(lavendula) Colonial opinion: Gerard found the distilled water of lavender "virtuous," whet...

As in the case of the cucumber, this vegetable was bewailed by the Israelites in their journey t...

The lemon is a variety of the citron. The juice of this fruit makes one of our most popular and ...

(melissa) Colonial opinion: Lemon balm, according to Gerard, is good against "the bitings of...

This is one of the acetarious vegetables, which comprise a large class, chiefly used as pickles,...

Choosing Leverets: Like the Hare in every respect, that some are obliged to search for the knob,...

This is one of the crab tribe, and is found on most of the rocky coasts of Great Britain. Some a...

(levisticum) Colonial opinion: Gerard found that distilled water of lovage "cleareth the sig...

This is the favourite food of Italy, where, especially among the Neapolitans, it may be regarded...

This is the membrane which surrounds the shell of the nutmeg. Its general qualities are the same...

This is not only one of the most elegantly-formed, but one of the most beautifully-coloured fish...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

(Tagetes) Popular summer blooming garden annual. Used for dyeing. See Natural Dye Projects fo...

Although there are several species of marjoram, that which is known as the sweet or knotted marj...

The Water Melon (also Watermelon) is cultivated on sandy soils only, above latitude 41 1-2, if a...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

The common mint cultivated in our gardens is known as the Mentha viridis, and is employed in dif...

The Striped Red Mullet: This fish was very highly esteemed by the ancients, especially by the Ro...

The cultivated or garden mushroom is a species of fungus, which, in England, is considered the b...

Before the year 1729, mustard was not known at English or American tables. About that time an ol...

The elegant nasturtium-plant, called by naturalists Tropoeolum, and which sometimes goes by the ...

This is a native of the Moluccas, and was long kept from being spread in other places by the mon...

Like the cabbage, this plant was erected into an object of worship by the idolatrous Egyptians 2...

The principal varieties are the sweet, or China orange, and the bitter, or Seville orange; the M...

Of the quadrupedal animals, the flesh of those that feed upon herbs is the most wholesome and nu...

This shell-fish is almost universally distributed near the shores of seas in all latitudes, and ...

If there be nothing new under the sun, there are, at any rate, different uses found for the same...

Parsnips are a valuable root, cultivated best in rich old grounds, and doubly deep plowed, late ...

Choosing at Market: If young, will have black bills, yellowish legs; if old, the legs look bluis...

It is supposed that the common gray pea, found wild in Greece, and other parts of the Levant, is...

Having before stated that the female in almost every instance, is preferable to the male, and pe...

There are many different kinds; but the large Bell Pear, sometimes called the Pound Pear, the ye...

Penny Royal, is a high aromatic, although a spontaneous herb in old ploughed fields, yet might b...

This is the produce of a different plant from that which produces the black, it consisting of th...

This well-known aromatic spice is the fruit of a species of climbing vine, and is a native of th...

This is a noble pan fish, the deeper the water from whence taken, the finer are their flavors; i...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

The cock-bird is accounted best, except when the hen is with egg. If young, he has short blunt o...

The Hog belongs to the order Mammalia, the genus Sus scrofa, and the species Pachydermata, or th...

They should be very fresh; when they look flabby about the vent, and this part is discoloured, t...

This fish is, on account of its voracity, termed the freshwater shark, and is abundant in most o...

This fish is found both in the Baltic and the Mediterranean, and is also abundant on the coast o...

Choose those that feel hard at the vent, which shews they are fat. In other respects, choose the...

Almost all the varieties of the cultivated plum are agreeable and refreshing: it is not a nouris...

It would swell this treatise too much to say every thing that is useful to prepare a good table,...

This little fish bears a striking resemblance to the shrimp, but is neither so common nor so sma...

Punch is a beverage made of various spirituous liquors or wine, hot water, the acid juice of fru...

The environs of Corinth originally produced the most beautiful quinces, but the plant was subseq...

Choosing Rabbits: If the claws are blunt and ragged, the ears dry and tough, and the haunch thic...

This is the common name given to the root of the Raphanus satious, one of the varieties of the c...

Raisins are grapes, prepared by suffering them to remain on the vine until they are perfectly ri...

There are two sorts of raspberries, the red and the white. Both the scent and flavour of this fr...

This is one of the most useful of all garden productions that are put into pies and puddings. It...

Rice, in the native rough state, with the husk on, is called _paddy_, both in India and America,...

This is a noble pan fish, the deeper the water from whence taken, the finer are their flavors; i...

(Rosmarinus officinalis) Description : Perennial, or annual in cold climates. 18". Evergreen ...

Sage (salvia) was originally a native of the south of Europe, but it has long been cultivated in...

Sago is the pith of a species of palm (Cycas circinalis). Its form is that of a small round grai...

The noblest and richest fish taken in fresh water---the largest are the best. They are unlike al...

This esculent is, for the sake of its roots, cultivated in gardens. It belongs to the Composite ...

Common Salt: By this we mean salt used for cooking purposes, which is found in great abundance b...

Also know as lavender cotton Colonial opinion: According to Gerard, lavender cotton "drunke ...

This we find described by Columella, a voluminous Roman writer on agriculture, as an odoriferous...

The scallop is described as a bivalve shell-fish, having the valves generally unequal. The hinge...

This is an abundant fish in Cornwall, and it is frequently found in the fish-market of Hastings ...

Manna Kroup, Semora, or Semolina, are three names given to a flour made from ground wheat and ri...

This is a salt-water fish, but is held in little esteem. It enters our rivers to spawn in May, a...

Also known as the Eschalot. This plant is supposed to have been introduced to England by the ...

Of all wild or domesticated animals, the sheep is, without exception, the most useful to man as ...

This shell-fish is smaller than the prawn, and is greatly relished in London as a delicacy. It i...

This is one of the ray tribe, and is extremely abundant and cheap in the fishing towns of Englan...

This is a delicate little fish, and is in high esteem. Mr. Yarrell asserts that the true smelt i...

if young and fat, have full veins under the wing, and are small in the veins, otherwise like the...

This ranks next to the turbot in point of excellence among our flat fish. It is abundant on the ...

This is one of the spinaceous plants, which take their name from spinach, which is the chief amo...

This vegetable belongs to a sub-order of the Salsolaceae, or saltworts, and is classified under ...

This migratory fish, is rarely found longer than four or five inches, and visits the shores of B...

The name of this favourite fruit is said to be derived from an ancient custom of putting straw b...

This fish commences the sixth of Linnaean order, and all the species are large, seldom measuring...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

Sugar has been happily called "the honey of reeds." The sugar-cane appears to be originally a na...

Those most usually employed for purposes of cooking, such as the flavouring of soups, sauces, fo...

This excellent farinaceous food is the produce of the pith of the cassava-tree, and is made in t...

The leaves of this plant, known to naturalists as Artemisia dracunculus, are much used in France...

The tea-tree or shrub belongs to the class and order of Monadelphia polyandria in the Linnaean s...

This fish is generally found in foul and weedy waters, and in such places as are well supplied w...

This sweet herb was known to the Romans, who made use of it in culinary preparations, as well as...

Bans Against Tobacco (from History.com) 1590 Urban VII may have had the shortest papacy of a...

Also known as Love-Apple The Tomato is a native of tropical countries, but is now cultivated ...

This fish, though esteemed by the moderns for its delicacy, was little regarded by the ancients....

This is the most esteemed of all our flat fish. The northern parts of the English coast, and som...

A turkey-cock, if young, it has a smooth black leg, with a short spur. The eyes full and bright...

This vegetable is the Brassica Rapa of science, and grows wild in England, but cannot be brought...

The Cost of Turtle Soup: This is the most expensive soup brought to table. It is sold by the qua...

Vannille or vanilla, is the fruit of the vanillier, a parasitical herbaceous plant, which flouri...

Ed. Note: Vegetable Marrow is what is today commonly called Squash. This is a variety of the go...

This is a preparation of Italian origin, and is made in the same way as macaroni, only the yolks...

This term is derived from the two French words _vin aigre_, 'sour wine,' and should, therefore, ...

This nut is a native of Persia, and was introduced into England from France. As a pickle, it is ...

This was used by colonial Americans in their diet; unfortunately, at present, we cannot find any...

The wheatear is an annual visitor of England: it arrives about the middle of March and leaves in...

This highly-esteemed little fish appears in innumerable multitudes in the river Thames, near Gre...

This fish forms a light, tender, and delicate food, easy of digestion. It appears in our seas in...

They ought to be thick, fat and flesh firm, the nose dry, and throat clear. ...

(achillea) Colonial opinion: Yarrow's leaves, according to Gerard, close up wounds and staunc...

Yeast consists principally of a substance very similar in composition, and in many of its sensib...

(Zinnia elegans) Popular summer-flowering annual. Used for dyeing. See Natural Dye Projects f...
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